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Almond (Sweet)
Andiroba
Apricot Kernel
Argan
Avocado
Babassu
Baobab Seed
Black Cumin
Black Currant Seed
Blackseed
Borage Seed
 Camellia
Castor
Coconut (Fractionated)
Coconut (Refined)
Coconut (Unrefined)
Cranberry Seed
Evening Primrose Seed
Gevuina
Grapeseed
Hazelnut
Hazelnut (Chilean)
 Hemp Seed
Jojoba
Kukui Nut
Macadamia Nut
Marula
Meadowfoam
Milk Thistle
Moringa
Neem Seed
Oil of Ben
Olive
 Palm Kernel
Peanut
Perilla Seed
Plum Kernel
Pomegranate Seed
Prune Kernel
Pumpkin Seed
Raspberry Seed
Red Turkey
Rice Bran
Rosehip Seed
 Safflower
Sea Buckthorn
Sesame
Shea Nut
Soybean
Starflower
Sunflower
Tamanu
Walnut
Wheat Germ
Yangu Seed


Almond (Sweet)  --- Prunus dulcisRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 10-14 Months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Rosales, Family: Rosaceae, Genus: Prunus L.   Specie: Prunus dulcis  Mill.
 Oil Pros
This is one of the top choices of aromatherapists because it is good for all skin types and it is a great massage oil beneficial for dry skin, itchiness, soreness, and dryness. It is reported to be soothing, healing, lubricating, softening, revitalizing and nourishing. It is good for sensitive or irritated skin.
 Oil Cons
This oil will stain cloth, especially with repeated use.
 

 Health Uses:   Acne   Dry Skin   Eczema   Sunburns  
 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Linolenic   Oleic   Palmitic   Stearic 


Andiroba  --- Carapa guianensisRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 2 yrs
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Sapindales, Family: Meliaceae, Genus: Carapa Aubl.   Specie: Carapa guianensis  Aubl.
  Oil Pros
Amazonian oil said to provides protection against rain and cold. It's also anti-inflammatory and a powerful insect repellant.
 Oil Cons
Expensive and possibly difficult to find.
 

 Health Uses:   Insect Bites   Mosquito Bites  
 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic   Palmitoleic   Stearic 


Apricot Kernel  --- Prunus armeniacaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 6-12 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Rosales, Family: Rosaceae, Genus: Prunus L.   Specie: Prunus armeniaca  L.
  Oil Pros
Oil is easily absorbed into the skin so it is great for the face. This also makes it a nice oil to use on the go since it will not rest on the skin for long and stain clothes
 Oil Cons
Short shelf life.
 

 Note: This is easily absorbed making it a good face oil. It is good for all skin types, especially sensitive or dry, dehydrating, or maturing skin. It is produced from the seed of the Apricot and is rich in vitamins and minerals.

 Health Uses:   Broken Capillaries   Dry Skin   Eczema   Wrinkled Skin  
 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Linolenic   Oleic   Palmitic 


Argan  --- Argania spinosaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 2 years
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Ebenales, Family: Sapotaceae, Genus: Argania L.   Specie: Argania spinosa  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil is nourishing, regenerating and protective for all skin types and can be used on all parts of the body. It penetrates skin rapidly.
 Oil Cons
Usually very expensive.
 

 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Omega 6 


Avocado  --- Persea americanaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Greasy Shelf Life: 6-12 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Laurales, Family: Lauraceae, Genus: Persea L.   Specie: Persea americana  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil is great for rebuilding skin. It is especially good for sensitive skin and aging skin. It penetrates deeper into skin than other carrier oils.
 Oil Cons
Has a greasy like texture which can easily stain clothes.
 

 Note: This oil is best when blended with other oils such as Sweet Almond, Avocado 10% to 25%, Sweet Almond 75% to 90%

 Health Uses:   Broken Capillaries   Dry Skin   Eczema   Facial Eczema (Dry)   Facial Skin (Sensitive)   Facial Skin (Wrinkles)   Wrinkled Skin  
 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Linolenic   Oleic   Palitic   Stearic 


Babassu  --- Orbignya oleiferaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 6 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Arecales, Family: Arecaceae, Genus: Orbignya Mart. ex Endl.   Specie: Orbignya oleifera  Burret
  Oil Pros
Very little scent. Absorbs quickly.
 Oil Cons
Has a relatively short shelf life compared with Coconut oil.
 

 Note: Solid at room temperature. Consistency is similar to Coconut oil.

 Fatty Acids: Capric   Caprylic   Lauric   Linoleic   Myristic   Oleic   Palmitic   Stearic 


Baobab Seed  --- Adansonia digitataRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 2 years
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Malvales, Family: Bombacaceae, Genus: Adansonia L.   Specie: Adansonia digitata  L.
  Oil Pros
This highly penetrating oil is deeply nourishing, a great skin moisturizer, and it has a pleasant aroma. It also absorbs quickly and has a long shelf life.
 Oil Cons
Expensive. Consider Avocado as an alternative if money is an issue.
 

 Health Uses:   Dandruff   Dry Skin   Eczema  


Black Cumin  --- Nigella sativaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 2 yrs
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Ranunculales, Family: Ranunculaceae, Genus: Nigella L.   Specie: Nigella sativa  L.
  Oil Pros
A small amount of oil goes a long way.
 Oil Cons
Oil scent can vary from very little to quite strong. Strong scented oils are often not very desirable so it can be a challenge to get the proper blend with an essential oil to obtain a desirable scented mix.
 

 Note: An interesting article about this oil can be found at http://www.kitchendoctor.com

 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Linolenic   Oleic   Palmitic   Stearic 


Black Currant Seed  --- Ribes nigrumRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 18 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Rosales, Family: Grossulariaceae, Genus: Ribes L.   Specie: Ribes nigrum  L.
  Oil Pros
Highly moisturizing. Natural anti-inflammatory properties. Possesses a scent that is pleasing to most.
 Oil Cons
Expensive and probably not appropriate for oily skin types unless diluted with another lighter weight carrier.
 

 Health Uses:   Dry Skin   Eczema   Muscle Aches   Muscle Pain   Muscle Soreness  
 Fatty Acids: γ-Linolenic   Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic   Stearic 



Blackseed  --- Nigella sativa --- Please see Black Cumin


Borage Seed  --- Borago officinalisRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 3-6 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Lamiales, Family: Boraginaceae, Genus: Borago L.   Specie: Borago officinalis  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil is a good skin rejuvenator and it is excellent for all skin types, especially maturing skin.

It has one of the highest amounts of gamma-linolenic acid (omega-6) of seed oils - higher than blackcurrant seed oil or evening primrose oil, to which it is considered similar. GLA makes up around 24% of the oil typically.

 Oil Cons
Expensive
 

 Note: Best to use in a blend of 10% as it is a rich and expensive oil. This oil is best when blended with other oils such as Sweet Almond, Avocado 10% to 15%, Sweet Almond 85% to 90%

 Health Uses:   Arthritis (Rheumatoid)   Dry Skin   Eczema   Facial Eczema (Dry)   Facial Skin (Wrinkles)   Menstration (PMS)   Wrinkled Skin  
 Fatty Acids: γ-Linolenic   Docosenoic   Icosenoic   Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic   Stearic 


Camellia  --- Camellia japonica   aka: Camellia sinensisRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 18 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Theales, Family: Theaceae, Genus: Camellia L.   Specie: Camellia japonica  L.
  Oil Pros
Excellent for hair and nail care. Absorbs into wet hair or dry hair equally well.
 Oil Cons
Can be expensive.
 

 Note: The Japanese have used this oil for centuries for lavish hair and a healthy scalp. It is also a fantastic nail strengthener. There is also a "purified" version of this oil on the market known as "Dermaqueen" which, in my opinion, is of a lesser quality. However, pure Camellia Oil is said to be slightly phototoxic while Dermaqueen is not phototoxic.

Suppliers include Japan, China, UK, and southeastern US.

 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic   Stearic 


Castor  --- Ricinus communisRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Heavy Shelf Life: 2 years
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Euphorbiales, Family: Euphorbiaceae, Genus: Ricinus L.   Specie: Ricinus communis  L.
 Oil Pros
This is excellent for hair conditions such as dry, brittle, damaged hair or hair loss.

This oil was commonly taken internally to detoxify the intestines and was sometimes used in combination with Terpentine to expel worms.

 Oil Cons
Heavy, thick texture giving it limited uses.
 

 Note: It is also used as a liver compress to help cleanse the liver. I have read in several places to Avoid Castor Oil During Pregnancy, however, I have yet to read a reason for this…

 Health Uses:   Constipation   Intestinal Parasites   Intestinal Worms   Warts  
 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Linolenic   Oleic   Palmitic   Ricinoleic 


Coconut (Fractionated)  --- Cocos nuciferaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: Indefinite
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Arecales, Family: Arecaceae, Genus: Cocos L.   Specie: Cocos nucifera  L.
  Oil Pros
Adding a few drops to creams is an excellent way to firm them up.

This has a great consistency for massage and an indefinite shelf life. Odorless.

A few drops of this mixed in with other Coconut oils will help to keep them liquid at lower temperatures.

 Oil Cons
Some people may be allergic to this oil.
 

 Note: This is a liquid that is distilled coconut oil which has a long life span.

Always seek out cold-extracted or cold-pressed oil. If the container makes no mention of extraction method than it is likely sovent-extracted and, because of that, could possibly contain toxic solvent residue which may possibly lead to an allergic reaction in sensitive individuals.

 Health Uses:   Body Odor   Candida   Thrush  
 Fatty Acids: Caprylic 


Coconut (Refined)  --- Cocos nuciferaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 2-3 years
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Arecales, Family: Arecaceae, Genus: Cocos L.   Specie: Cocos nucifera  L.
  Oil Pros
Adding a few drops to creams is an excellent way to firm them up.
 Oil Cons
This substance is a solid below 76 degrees so this may or may not be a problem.
 

 Note: Always seek out cold-extracted or cold-pressed oil. If the container makes no mention of extraction method than it is likely sovent-extracted and, because of that, could possibly contain toxic solvent residue which may possibly lead to an allergic reaction in sensitive individuals.

 Health Uses:   Body Odor   Candida   Thrush  
 Fatty Acids: Caprylic 


Coconut (Unrefined)  --- Cocos nuciferaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 10-14 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Arecales, Family: Arecaceae, Genus: Cocos L.   Specie: Cocos nucifera  L.
 Oil Pros
Adding a few drops to creams is an excellent way to firm them up.

Traditionally used for many ailments; burns, wounds, lice, etc. It also has anti-microbal activity.

Unrefined virgin coconut oil is said to be the best coconut oil for use in treating Candida and Thrush. The oil is useful for both internal consumption and topical applications.

 Oil Cons
This substance is a solid below 76 degrees so this may or may not be a problem.
 

 Note: Always seek out cold-extracted or cold-pressed oil. If the container makes no mention of extraction method than it is likely sovent-extracted and, because of that, could possibly contain toxic solvent residue which may possibly lead to an allergic reaction in sensitive individuals.

 Health Uses:   Body Odor   Candida   Lice   Thrush   Wounds  
 Fatty Acids: Capric   Caprylic   Lauric   Linoleic   Myristic   Oleic   Palmitic   Stearic 


Cranberry Seed  --- Vaccinium macrocarponRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 2 yrs
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Ericales, Family: Ericaceae, Genus: Vaccinium L.   Specie: Vaccinium macrocarpon  Aiton
  Oil Pros
Rich in Vitamin A and E. Purported to have the highest quality of tocotrienols (Vitamin E component) compared to all other vegetable oils.
 Oil Cons
Very Expensive - $10 to $15 per ounce. Has a distinct nutty scent that may be undesirable for some people.
 

 Fatty Acids: Omega 3   Omega 6   Omega 9 


Evening Primrose Seed  --- Oenothera biennisRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 3-6 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Myrtales, Family: Onagraceae, Genus: Oenothera L.   Specie: Oenothera biennis  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil is super for women's health problems such as breast tenderness, PMS, and Menopause. It is an excellent moisturizer.
 Oil Cons
Very expensive. Goes rancid quickly.
 

 Note: Evening Primrose has also been used medicinally in Europe since the seventeenth century.

 Health Uses:   Dandruff   Oily Skin   Wounds  
 Fatty Acids: γ-Linolenic   Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic 


Gevuina  --- Gevuina avellanaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 3 yrs
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Proteales, Family: Proteaceae, Genus: Gevuina Molina   Specie: Gevuina avellana  Molina
  Oil Pros
Quickly absorbs into the skin and also leaves a protective layer on the surface of the skin thus protecting it from harsh conditions. Great substitute for Mink oil.
 Oil Cons
Difficult to find
 

 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic   Palmitoleic 


Grapeseed  --- Vitis viniferaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 1-2 years
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Rhamnales, Family: Vitaceae, Genus: Vitis L.   Specie: Vitis vinifera  L.
  Oil Pros
This absorbs well without feeling greasy. It has a very minute odor. Readily available and easy to find.

This oil is lightly astringent making it useful in treating acne and wrinkles.

 Oil Cons
This oil is often solvent extracted so some people dislike it for environmental reasons due to the chemicals used in the solvent extraction process.
 

 Note: Always seek out cold-extracted or cold-pressed oil. If the container makes no mention of extraction method than it is likely sovent-extracted and, because of that, could possibly contain toxic solvent residue which may possibly lead to an allergic reaction in sensitive individuals.

 Health Uses:   Acne   Facial Skin (Wrinkles)   Wrinkled Skin  


Hazelnut  --- Corylus avellanaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 8 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Fagales, Family: Betulaceae, Genus: Corylus L.   Specie: Corylus avellana  L.
  Oil Pros
This is a great oil for oily skin types. The oil is easily absorbed and slightly astringent.
 Oil Cons
This oil has a strong nutty aroma which some people may dislike. This can be counteracted via dilution with another carrier oil such as grapeseed, coconut, etc.
 

 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic 



Hazelnut (Chilean)  --- Gevuina avellana --- Please see Gevuina


Hemp Seed  --- Cannabis sativaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 8 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Urticales, Family: Cannabaceae, Genus: Cannabis L.   Specie: Cannabis sativa  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil is high in essential omega fatty acids and proteins. This oil absorbs well into the skin.
 Oil Cons
This oil has a nutty smell that some people may dislike. The political boogie men and Mr. Smith won't like you.
 

 Fatty Acids: α-Linolenic   γ-Linolenic   Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic   Stearic 


Jojoba  --- Simmondsia chinensisRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: Indefinite
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Euphorbiales, Family: Simmondsiaceae, Genus: Simmondsia Nutt.   Specie: Simmondsia chinensis  C.K. Schneid.
 Oil Pros
This oil is almost identical to the human body's natural oil in skin and hair. A tiny amount speads over a lot of skin.
 Oil Cons
At times chemical copies of this oil can be found in cosmetics shops. If the oil has a clear color, it has been made / tampered with in a lab.
 

 Note: This oil will normally cloud up in cold temperatures. Solidifies at between 50-55 degrees F.

 Health Uses:   Acne   Dandruff   Dry Skin   Eczema   Wrinkled Skin  


Kukui Nut  --- Aleurites moluccanaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 6 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Euphorbiales, Family: Euphorbiaceae, Genus: Aleurites L.   Specie: Aleurites moluccana  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil is readily absorbed into the skin. This oil helps sooth sunburns and chapped skin. It contains very high levels of essential fatty acids.
 Oil Cons
Short shelf life.
 

 Note: This oil comes from the nuts of a tree in Hawaii.

 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Linolenic   Oleic 


Macadamia Nut  --- Macadamia integrifoliaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 10-14 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Proteales, Family: Proteaceae, Genus: Macadamia F. Muell.   Specie: Macadamia integrifolia  Maiden and Betche
  Oil Pros
This is a very pleasing oil that most people love. It closely resembles sebum; the oil naturally produced by human skin. It has a high absorption rate and has been used to heal scars, sunburns, cuts, and minor wounds.
 Oil Cons
Watch out for chemical copies.
 

 Health Uses:   Facial Skin (Wrinkles)   Scars   Sunburns   Wounds   Wrinkled Skin  
 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Linolenic   Oleic   Palmitoleic 


Marula  --- Sclerocarya birreaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 1 yr
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Sapindales, Family: Anacardiaceae, Genus: Sclerocarya Hochst.   Specie: Sclerocarya birrea  (A. Rich.) Hochst.
  Oil Pros
Very rich in anti-oxidants which means it will bring dull skin back to life.
 Oil Cons
Usually around $10 per ounce.
 

 Fatty Acids: α-Linolenic   Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic   Stearic 


Meadowfoam  --- Limnanthes albaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 2-3 years
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Geraniales, Family: Limnanthaceae, Genus: Limnanthes L.   Specie: Limnanthes alba  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil is used extensively in the cosmetics industry because it adheres to skin well, acts as a preservative, and has a long shelf life.

It is moisturizing; it forms a moisture barrier on skin which helps skin prevent moisture loss. It is usually found in massage oils, lotions, sunblock, facial creams, hair products, cosmetics, and shaving creams. The oil helps dry and damaged hair and gives it shine and moisture.

 Oil Cons
Because this oil forms a moisture barrier on skin, it would be inappropriate for use on cuts, burns, wounds, etc.
 

 Note: This plant is is native to northern California, southern Oregon, and Vancouver Island.


Milk Thistle  --- Silybum marianumRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 18 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Asterales, Family: Asteraceae, Genus: Silybum Adans.   Specie: Silybum marianum  (L.) Gaertn.
  Oil Pros
Excellent detoxifying effects - supports new liver cell production. Beneficial for liver and gall bladder problems.
 Oil Cons
Expensive
 

 Health Uses:   Gall Bladder Disease   Hepatitus  


Moringa  --- Moringa oleiferaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: Indefinite
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Capparales, Family: Moringaceae, Genus: Moringa Adans.   Specie: Moringa oleifera  Lam.
  Oil Pros
Probably the best carrier oil on the market - often regarded as being more effective than Jojoba or Macadamia Nut oils for skin care. Very readily absorbed by dry skin.
 Oil Cons
Very expensive.
 

 Note: Said to be one of the oldest oils known to man. Moringa oil was used as a carrier for perfumes prior to the use of alcohol. Authentic sources for this oil are likely to have origins from Egypt or the Hymalayas.

 Health Uses:   Dry Skin   Facial Eczema (Dry)   Facial Skin (Dry)  
 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Myristic   Oleic   Palmitic   Palmitoleic   Stearic 


Neem Seed  --- Azadirachta indicaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 10-14 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Sapindales, Family: Meliaceae, Genus: Azadirachta L.   Specie: Azadirachta indica  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil has been used for over 4000 years and is well know for its amazing theraputic effects. It is common and well known in India. All parts of the tree are often used in Ayurvedic and Unani medicine.
 Oil Cons
Its effects are cummulitive and it will cause liver and kidney dysfunction with long term use. Large doses of Neem may be toxic.
 

 Note: Oil is pressed from Neem tree nuts.

 Health Uses:   Arthritis (Osteo)   Arthritis (Rheumatoid)   Athletes Foot   Burns   Dandruff   Eczema   Herpes   Muscle Aches   Muscle Pain   Ulcers   Urinary Tract Infections   Warts  



Oil of Ben  --- Moringa oleifera --- Please see Moringa


Olive  --- Olea europaeaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Heavy Shelf Life: 12 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Scrophulariales, Family: Oleaceae, Genus: Olea L.   Specie: Olea europaea  L.
 Oil Pros
This oil is inexpensive and readily available.
 Oil Cons
Its texture gives it limited uses. It stains cloth easily. It has a prominent scent which some people may dislike.
 

 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Linolenic   Oleic   Palmitic 


Palm Kernel  --- Elaeis guineensisRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 18 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Arecales, Family: Arecaceae, Genus: Elaeis L.   Specie: Elaeis guineensis  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil is commonly used in handmade soap to increase its lather and hardness.
 Oil Cons
It may be hard to find.
 

 Note: This oil is a solid below 80 degrees. It is made by pressing the fruit kernels of the palm tree. It is commonly found in handmade soap to increase its lather and hardness.

 Fatty Acids: Lauric   Linolenic   Myristic   Oleic   Palmitic 


Peanut  --- Arachis hypogaeaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 5 years
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Fabales, Family: Fabaceae, Genus: Arachis L.   Specie: Arachis hypogaea  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil is high in monounsaturated contents which makes it resistant to rancidity giving it a long shelf life. It is readily available at most supermarkets.
 Oil Cons
Those with peanut alergies might fear it - for good reason! The oil has a nutty smell that some might dislike.
 

 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic 


Perilla Seed  --- Perilla frutescensRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 1 yr
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Lamiales, Family: Lamiaceae, Genus: Perilla L.   Specie: Perilla frutescens  L.
  Oil Pros
The oil is rich in amino acids and has a high Alpha-Linoleic Acid content making it a great moisturizer for hair and skin. Has antiseptic properties.
 Oil Cons
Shorter shelf life.
 

 Note: Characterization of Fatty Acid Composition from Five Perilla Seed Oils in China
Variation of Lipid and Fatty Acid Compositions in Thai Perilla Seeds

 Fatty Acids: α-Linolenic   Oleic   Palmitic 


Plum Kernel  --- Prunus domesticaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 1 year
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Rosales, Family: Rosaceae, Genus: Prunus L.   Specie: Prunus domestica  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil leaves the skin very soft, it penetrates the skin easily, and it has no greasy residue. It is beneficial for dry and mature skin.

It is common in cleansing lotions, lip balms, moisturizers, anti-wrinkle agents, and massage creams. Its emollient properties nourish and hydrate damaged skin.

 Oil Cons
It can be difficult to find.
 

 Note: This is a great carrier oil because it absorbs quickly and leaves no greasy residue on the skin.
This oil is pressed from pits found inside plum kernels.

 Fatty Acids: Capric   Lauric   Linolenic   Myristic   Oleic   Palmitic 


Pomegranate Seed  --- Punica granatumRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 12-18 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Myrtales, Family: Punicaceae, Genus: Punica L.   Specie: Punica granatum  L.
  Oil Pros
Phytoestrogens found in pomegranate seed oil are similar to the estrogens found in the human body. Many women use pomegranate seed oil to help ease symptoms associated with menopause and perimenopause; mood swings, hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, etc.
 Oil Cons
Expensive.
 

 Note: It takes over 100 kilograms of fresh pomegranates to produce just one pound of pomegranate seed oil which accounts for its high price.

Pomegranate seed oils from the Mediterranean contain higher concentrations of anti-oxidants and other beneficial properties than plants grown elsewhere because of the soil, special climate, and traditional farming methods found there.

 Fatty Acids: α-Linolenic   Icosenoic   Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic   Punicic   Stearic 



Prune Kernel  --- Prunus domestica --- Please see Plum Kernel


Pumpkin Seed  --- Cucurbita pepoRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 6 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Violales, Family: Cucurbitaceae, Genus: Cucurbita L.   Specie: Cucurbita pepo  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil has been used for hundreds of years for various healing purposes. It has been used to heal cuts, burns, and wounds. It has been used to expel intestinal worms, rid parasites, and aid the body in hormone production. Many have used this oil to alleviate prostrate and bladder problems.
 Oil Cons
Short self life.
 

 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Oleic   Omega 3   Omega 6   Palmitic   Stearic 


Raspberry Seed  --- Rubus idaeusRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 2 yrs
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Rosales, Family: Rosaceae, Genus: Rubus L.   Specie: Rubus idaeus  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil is high in vitamin E and vitamin A and provides protection against UVA and UVB rays making it an excellent natural sunscreen. In addition it absorbs quickly and leaves little to no residue on the skin surface.
 Oil Cons
This oil is quite expensive usually ranging between $20 and $30 per ounce.
 

 Health Uses:   Burns   Cancer (General)  
 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Linolenic   Oleic   Palmitic   Stearic 



Red Turkey  --- Ricinus communis --- Please see Castor


Rice Bran  --- Oryza sativaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 6 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Cyperales, Family: Poaceae, Genus: Oryza L.   Specie: Oryza sativa  L.
  Oil Pros
Possesses very little scent and is a suitable massage oil. Effective for facial skin treatments and is said to help with dark areas under the eyes.
 Oil Cons
Short shelf life.
 

 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Linolenic   Oleic   Palmitic   Stearic 


Rosehip Seed  --- Rosa rubiginosa   aka: Rosa eglanteriaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 12-18 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Rosales, Family: Rosaceae, Genus: Rosa L.   Specie: Rosa rubiginosa  L.
  Oil Pros
Science and practical use have shown this oil to be the best available for anti-ageing and skin rejuvenation. This oil has been proven repeatedly to heal / remove scars, sunspots, and wrinkles.
 Oil Cons
Expensive.
 

 Health Uses:   Burns   Eczema   Facial Skin (Wrinkles)   Scars   Wrinkled Skin  
 Fatty Acids: γ-Linolenic   Linoleic   Linoleic   Linolenic   Linolenic   Oleic   Oleic   Omega 3   Omega 6   Palmitic   Palmitic   Stearic 


Safflower  --- Carthamus tinctoriusRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 1 year
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Asterales, Family: Asteraceae, Genus: Carthamus L.   Specie: Carthamus tinctorius  L.
 Oil Pros
This is the perfect moisturizing oil. Very inexpensive.
 Oil Cons
None.
 

 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Linolenic   Oleic   Palmitic 


Sea Buckthorn  --- Hippophae rhamnoidesRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 2-3 years
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Rhamnales, Family: Elaeagnaceae, Genus: Hippophae L.   Specie: Hippophae rhamnoides  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil is know for conditioning and repairing damaged skin.
 Oil Cons
This oil will easily stain cloth if not diluted.
 

 Note: The entire fruit from this plant is cold pressed to obtain this oil.

 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic   Palmitoleic   Stearic 


Sesame  --- Sesamum indicumRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 1 year
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Scrophulariales, Family: Pedaliaceae, Genus: Sesamum L.   Specie: Sesamum indicum  L.
 Oil Pros
This is a good, medium consistency, basic oil for use in massage.
 Oil Cons
This oil has a strong nutty scent that may or may not be desired.
 

 Note: Injestion of Sesame Seed oil for 45 days was shown to reduce blood pressure - Sesame Seed Health Benefit of Oil

 Health Uses:   High Blood Pressure   Urinary Tract Infections  
 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic   Stearic 


Shea Nut  --- Butyrospermum parkiiRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Heavy Shelf Life: 10-14 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Ebenales, Family: Sapotaceae, Genus: Butyrospermum L.   Specie: Butyrospermum parkii  Kotschy
  Oil Pros
This oil leaves a film on the skin surface which is useful in harsh weather conditions. Because of this, it is a great additive for lip balms and facial oils.
 Oil Cons
This oil may be inappropriate for people with oily skin.
 

 Note: Refined Shea butter is often desired because of its minimal scent. However, the refining process uses hexane solvent which removes some of the vitamins and medicinal properties. In addition, there will be trace amounts of hexane residue left in the Shea butter (this is reduced to a minimum since producers will always want to reclaim as much hexane as possible for reuse). Unrefined Shea butter retains all of its medicinal properties though it does often have a strong scent which is commonly disliked.

 Health Uses:   Body Odor   Facial Skin (Dry)  
 Fatty Acids: α-Linolenic   Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic   Stearic 


Soybean  --- Glycine hispida   aka: Soja hispidaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 12-18 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Fabales, Family: Fabaceae, Genus: Glycine Willd.   Specie: Glycine hispida  (Moench) Maxim.
  Oil Pros
This oil is easily absorbed by the skin. It is known for helping to heal cuts, and sores. It is inexpensive and readily available.
 Oil Cons
None.
 

 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Linolenic   Oleic   Palmitic 



Starflower  --- Borago officinalis --- Please see Borage Seed


Sunflower  --- Helianthus annuusRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 1 year
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Asterales, Family: Asteraceae, Genus: Helianthus L.   Specie: Helianthus annuus  L.
 Oil Pros
This oil is easily absorbed and deeply nourishes skin. It is inexpensive and readily available.
 Oil Cons
None.
 

 Health Uses:   Bruises   Rheumatism  
 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic   Stearic 


Tamanu  --- Calophyllum inophyllumRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Heavy Shelf Life: 1year
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Theales, Family: Clusiaceae, Genus: Calophyllum L.   Specie: Calophyllum inophyllum  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil contains wonderful pain relieving properties. Its best used in small areas of pain or injury.
 Oil Cons
Not suitable for typical full body massage sessions.
 

 Note: This oil is dark green and has a strong odor. In addition, it is a solid form at room temperature. Some oils which have been refined will be a lighter green.

 Health Uses:   Burns   Shingles   Sunburns  
 Fatty Acids: Oleic   Palmitic   Stearic 


Walnut  --- Juglans regiaRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 6 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Juglandales, Family: Juglandaceae, Genus: Juglans L.   Specie: Juglans regia  L.
  Oil Pros
Superb massage oil as it is slow to be absorbed and it creates a very smooth slippery surface on skin.
 Oil Cons
Short shelf life.
 

 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Linolenic   Myristic   Oleic   Palmitic   Palmitoleic   Stearic 


Wheat Germ  --- Triticum vulgareRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 6 months
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Cyperales, Family: Poaceae, Genus: Triticum L.   Specie: Triticum vulgare  L.
  Oil Pros
This oil has a high Vitamin E content (among others). It is one of the few carrier oils high in Squalene.
 Oil Cons
This oil has a very strong scent that might not be desired. Don't use this oil if you are allergic to wheat!
 

 Note: This oil acts as a preservative and is used in many cosmetic products. This oil contains high levels of Vitamin E.

 Health Uses:   Broken Capillaries   Dry Skin   Hemorrhoids   Scars   Stretch Marks   Wrinkled Skin  
 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Linolenic   Oleic   Palmitic 


Yangu Seed  --- Calodendrum capenseRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: 1 yr
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Sapindales, Family: Rutaceae, Genus: Calodendrum Thunb.   Specie: Calodendrum capense  Thunb.
  Oil Pros
Has a minimal scent.
 Oil Cons
Can be difficult to find.
 

 Fatty Acids: Linoleic   Oleic   Palmitic 








  Infusions     Press Ctrl F to search... 
   



Usually 3 to 10 ounces of flowers (by weight) are enough to make 1 liter of infused oil. Infusions can be made using 1 liter of any carrier oil, however its often a good idea to use a carrier oil (or mixture of carrier oils) that has a longer shelf life.

Place the flowers and oil into a bowl together and thoroughly mash the flowers with a spoon, masher, or pestle. Let the mixture set for 30 minutes to 24 hours in a warm environment (in a sunny room, by a heater, etc.).

In some situations, this might be a good time to strain out the plant matter. However, usually additional heat is helpful in drawing out the remaining plant essence.

Next, put some water in a pot and place the bowl with the oil / flower mixture in the pot (or on the pot), allowing air to pass between the pot and bowl. A spoon or fork might be used to create a gap between the pot and bowl. Bring the pot of water to a boil and then reduce heat. The idea here is to heat the oil / flower mixture gently for 3 to 5 hours. Add additional water to the pot as needed. Cooking times will vary depending on the type of flowers used and the amount of heat applied. Eventually the flower / oil mixture will start to have a pleasant aroma. This is usually a good signal to turn off the heat. Do Not Over Cook!

Allow the mixture to cool naturally. Stretch cheesecloth over a second bowl and secure the cheesecloth to the bowl. Once the oil is cool to the touch, poor the oil onto the cheesecloth and allow it to strain out the plant matter. The oil will drip down into the second bowl. Don't press the plant matter against the cheesecloth because the resulting oil will become cloudy with plant matter.

Remove the cheesecloth, and enjoy the infused oil! Pour the oil into a bottle, put on the lid, and refrigerate.

Infusion works particularly well with plant essences that people might avoid because of strong warnings concerning harmful side effects. Mugwort, Sage, and Thyme would be some examples.

The following plants work well for infusions:

Calendula   Catnip   Mugwort   Sage   St. John's Wort   Thyme  

Possible flower / plant suppliers:     Mountain Rose Herbs     Incense Warehouse







  Other Carriers     Press Ctrl F to search... 
  $1 to $2 USD per oz


Aloe Vera  --- Several speciesRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Light Shelf Life: ~2 years
Carrier Info
Consume internally to relieve heartburn and irritable bowel syndrome -- 20090822

 Health Uses:   Burns   Facial Eczema (Dry)   Facial Skin (Dry)   Facial Skin (Sensitive)   Facial Skin (Wrinkles)   Sunburns   Wrinkled Skin  


Vitamin E  --- Several speciesRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Medium Shelf Life: 3 years
Carrier Info
This oil is commonly produced from the vacuum distillation of common carrier oils. It is rich in antioxidants. Vitamin E is often mixed with other carrier oils in a 1-2% dilution to help keep them from oxidizing.

 Health Uses:   Scars   Wrinkled Skin  


Witchhazel  --- Several speciesRefrigerate: 
Oil Texture: Very Light Shelf Life: ~3 years
Carrier Info
This tree's bark and leaves have strong astringent properties and their extract is often used medicinally.

 Health Uses:   Acne   Bruises   Facial Skin (Wrinkles)   Hemorrhoids   Insect Bites   Wrinkled Skin  

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  Reference SourcesLast Update ☆ ~~ Jan 7, 2014   Home

  ~  The Recommended Fine Print  ~
All information, suggestions, and opinions shown on this website are for educational purposes only and do not replace
medical advice nor are they intended to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent any disease or health problems.
I am NOT a doctor and never, ever want to be one!         I am not responsible for any of your health choices!
Information given here has not been evaluated by the US FDA nor by any other U.S. governing body to the
best of my knowledge nor does it replace the advice of any licensed health-care professional.
Your health is your responsibility!!   Peace out.   ~ Jonn ☆ ~~