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  Cade
Cajeput
Calamus Root
Calendula
Camphor (Chinese)
Camphor (Japanese)
Camphor (White)
Caraway
Caraway (Black)
Cardamom
Carnation
Carrot Seed
 Cascarilla Bark
Cassia Bark
Cassie
Catnip
Cedar Leaf
Cedarwood (Atlas)
Celery Herb
Celery Seed
Chamomile (Cape)
Chamomile (German)
Chamomile (Moroccan)
Chamomile (Roman)
 Chamomile (Wild)
Champaca
Chasteberry
Cherry Laurel
Chervil
Cinnamon Bark
Cinnamon Cassia
Cinnamon Leaf
Cistus
Citronella
Citronella (Javan)
Clary Sage
 Clove (Brazil)
Clove Bark
Clove Bud
Coriander
Coriander (Roman)
Cornmint
Costmary
Costus Root
Cumin Seed
Cypress
Cypress (Blue)
Davana
 Deer Tongue
Dill Seed
Elecampane
Elecampane Root
Elemi
Eucalyptus (Citriodora)
Eucalyptus (Dives)
Eucalyptus (Globulus)
Eucalyptus (Lemon)
Eucalyptus (Peppermint)
Eucalyptus (Radiata)
Everlasting
 

  Oils A-B      Oils C-E      Oils F-J      Oils K-N      Oils O-R      Oils S-Z  

 
Cade -- Juniperus oxycedrus  --- Please see Juniper Tar
 


 
Cajeput -- Melaleuca leucadendra   aka:  Melaleuca cajuputi Latin AliasOleum Cajuputi
French NameEssence de Cajeput  German NameCajeputöl  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Myrtales, Family: Myrtaceae, Genus: Melaleuca L.   Specie: Melaleuca leucadendra  L.
From: Australia  Malaysia  New Guinea  Philippines  Thailand U.S. Growth Region: None
 Recommended Dilution: Low Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 20-25 m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 123-125° F      Plant Part: Leaves/Twigs
 Specific Gravity: 0.880Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Light Resinous Scent
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Internal-Use-May-Cause-Internal-Bleeding     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-First-Trimester)     Skin-Irritant(medium)
Health Uses: 
Acne   Arthritis (Rheumatoid)   Asthma   Hay Fever   Headaches   Infections   Insect Bites   Laryngitis   Pneumonia   Rheumatism   Sinus Infections   Sore Throats   Stiff Joints   Sunscreen   Toothaches   Viruses  
Properties: 
Analgesic   Anti-bacterial   Anti-catarrh   Anti-infectious   Anti-neuralgic   Anti-septic-general   Anti-spasmodic   Expectorant  
Oil Constituents
1,8 Cineole  Pinene  Terpineol 
Deters These Pests: 
Mosquitoes

Addendum(s)
 Common Name Etymology
Malaysian: caju-puti meaning white bark

Open Source PDF Documents for Cajeput
 
1. Chemistry and Biological Activities of Essential Oils from Melaleuca Species
2. Chemistry and Biological Activities of Oil from Melaleuca L. Species
 
3. Essential Oils Isolated from Myrtaceae Family as Natural Insecticides
4. Mosquito Repellents in Thailand


 
Calamus Root -- Acorus calamus   aka:  Acorus odorata Latin AliasOleum Calami
French NameRacine de Glaïeule  German NameCalmuswurzel  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Arales, Family: Araceae, Genus: Acorus L.   Specie: Acorus calamus  L.
Etymology:  Acorus - Without pupil         calamus - Reed like
 From: Denmark  Europe  India  USA 
 Recommended Dilution: High Note: Base Astral Bodies: Moon  Sun   Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 1 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Rhizomes
 Specific Gravity: 0.962Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Warm Spicy Scent
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Carcinogenic(Cancer-Causing)     Keep-Away-From-Children     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)     Use-With-Extreme-Caution
Properties: 
Fixative  
Oil Constituents
Acorenone  β-Asarone 
Deters These Pests: 
Cutworms

Abstract: 
Calamus essential oil is commonly found on people's "Don't Use It" lists. The cause for this, I suspect, is because of the oil component known as β-Asarone. There have been some lab experiments with ß-Asarone showing mutations in human liver cells. Furthermore β-Asorone is a carcinogenic, and oral ingestion can cause convulsions and liver and kidney damage. Obviously no one should ever ingest Calamus essential oil. However, the percentage of ß-Asarone may be a cause for concern with other uses of the oil.

The percentage of ß-Asarone found in Calamus essential oil can vary considerably depending on where the plant comes from. Calamus oils from India often contain high amounts (60%-75%). Calamus oils from Europe usually have much lower percentages (5%-10%).

Calamus oil has been used throughout human history and is even mentioned in the Bible: Exodus 30:23.

Here, it seems, we have a controversy between thousands of years of use as a medicinal oil on the one hand, and some lab experiments done in the 21st century in a controlled environment with only a single component taken alone (β-Asarone) and human liver tissue that has been removed from a human.

I have also read here and there that Calamus oil is somehow related to the manufacture of illegal drugs. So, I wonder if the lab experiments were something that were cooked up so some folks could discourage the use and proliferation of the oil.

Regardless of the "I'm right and you're wrong." debate concerning this oil, I would suggest never taking Calamus oil internally -- very bad idea. Always dilute it before use and keep it away from children. Furthermore, be aware of the potential toxicity when using this oil and definitely be wary of your supplier.

Buyer beware.


 
Calendula -- Calendula officinalis Latin AliasOleum Calendula
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Asterales, Family: Asteraceae, Genus: Calendula L.   Specie: Calendula officinalis  L.
Etymology:  Calendula - From the Greek word "kalendae" - the first day of the month         officinalis - A plant used officially in medicine
 From: Denmark  USA 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Sun  Venus   Plant Catagory: Annual
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yang     Element: Fire Plant Height: 5-10 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: CO2,C/P,S/E
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Flowers
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image 
Approaches: 
Infusion  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Health Uses: 
Broken Capillaries   Bruises   Dry Skin   Facial Eczema (Dry)   Facial Skin (Wrinkles)   Varicose Veins   Wounds   Wrinkled Skin  
Properties: 
Vulnerary  

Open Source PDF Documents for Calendula
 
1. Analysis of the Essential Oils from Calendula officinalis in Brazil
2. Antifungal Activity of the Essential Oil from Calendula officinalis
3. Calendula
 
4. Phytochemical Constituents of Calendula officinalis
5. Topical Calendula officinalis L. Successfully Treated Cheilitis


 
Camphor (Chinese) -- Cinnamomum camphora  --- Please see Camphor (White)
 


 
Camphor (Japanese) -- Cinnamomum camphora  --- Please see Camphor (White)
 


 
Camphor (White) -- Cinnamomum camphora   aka:  Laurus camphora Latin AliasOleum Camphora
French NameBois de Camphre  German NameCampherholz  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Laurales, Family: Lauraceae, Genus: Cinnamomum Schaeff.   Specie: Cinnamomum camphora  J.Presl
Etymology:  Cinnamomum - Cinnamon         camphora - Camphor like, Arabic kafour
 From: Borneo  China  Japan  Sumatra 
 Recommended Dilution: High Note: Base Astral Bodies: Saturn   Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yin     Element: Earth Plant Height: 20-30 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 3 yrs Magical Powers: Chastity   Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 128-130° F      Plant Part: Wood/Branches
 Specific Gravity: 0.985Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Sweet Resinous Scent
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Do-Not-Use-for-Massage     Epilepsy(Avoid-if-you-have-epilepsy)     Internal-Use-May-Plug-Kidney-Tubules     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Overuse-Causes-Convulsions     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)     Use-Sparingly
Health Uses: 
Muscle Aches   Muscle Pain   Muscle Soreness  
Properties: 
Anaphrodisiac   Anesthetic   Anti-microbial   Anti-septic-general   Rubefacient  
Oil Constituents
Camphor (50%)   α-Camphorene 
Deters These Pests: 
Moths

Abstract: 
Camphor is usually quite strong for the first 2 years but often tends to degrade slowly but surely after that.

Open Source PDF Documents for Camphor (White)
 
1. A Review on Antidermatophytic Efficiency of Plant Essential Oils
2. Antimicrobial Action of Essential Oils: The Effect of DSMO on Cinnamon Oil
3. Camphor: A Fumigant during the Black Death
4. Composition and Biological Activities of Essential Oil Cinnamomum camphora
5. Essential Oil Compositions and Bioactivities of Cinnamomum camphora
 
6. Essential Oils as Novel Human Skin Penetration Enhancer - Transdermal Drug Delivery
7. Essential Oils of Camphor Tree Cultivated in Southern Brazil
8. In vitro Antibacterial Activity of Some Plant Essential Oils
9. Screening of Antibacterial Sensitivity of Essential Oils of Camphor and Cinnamon
10. Spons Encyclopaedia - Camphor


 
Caraway -- Carum carvi Latin AliasOleum Carvi
French NameCarvi  German NameKümmelsamen  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Apiales, Family: Apiaceae, Genus: Carum L.   Specie: Carum carvi  L.
Etymology:  Carum - Greek name for caraway, from Caria in Asia minor         carvi - Latin name for caraway
 From: Austria  Germany  Hungary  Poland  USA 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Mercury  Moon   Plant Catagory: Biennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yang     Element: Water Plant Height: 20-70 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: Lust  Protection   Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Seeds
 Specific Gravity: 0.960Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Breast-Cancer(Avoid-if-have-Breast-Cancer)     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Skin-Irritant(mild)
Health Uses: 
Hair Follicle Mites  
Properties: 
Anti-spasmodic   Carminative   Emmenagogues   Expectorant   Galactagogue   Stimulant-digestive  
Oil Constituents
Carvone  Limonene 

Open Source PDF Documents for Caraway
 
1. Antifungal Activity and Chemical Composition of Twenty Essential Oils Against Fungi
2. Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils Against Respiratory Tract Pathogens
3. Antioxidant Property of Volatile Oils Determined by the Ferric Reducing Ability
4. Chemical Composition and Antifungal Activity of Plant Essential Oils
5. Comparative Sporicidal Effects of Volatile Oils
 
6. Essential Oils and Hypertension
7. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties
8. Identification of Essential Oil Constituents of Caraway
9. In Vitro and in Vivo Killing of Ocular Demodex by Tea Tree Oil
10. Insecticidal Activity of Essential Oil of Carum carvi from China


 
Caraway (Black) -- Nigella sativa  --- Please see Black Cumin
 Note: Black Caraway is more commonly known as Black Cumin which is sometimes referred to as an essential oil but the size and type of its molecules more closely classify it as a carrier oil. Black Cumin oil is also sometimes referred to as Roman Coriander, Fennel Flower, Nutmeg Flower, or Blackseed.
 


 
Cardamom -- Elettaria cardamomum   aka:  Amomum cardamomum Latin AliasOleum Cardamomi
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Zingiberales, Family: Zingiberaceae, Genus: Elettaria Maton   Specie: Elettaria cardamomum  L. Maton
From: Guatemala  India  Southeast Asia  Sri Lanka 
Recommended Dilution: Low Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Mercury   Plant Catagory: Perennial
Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: Middle-Top Polarity: Yang     Element: Air Plant Height:  2-4 m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: Love  Lust   Extraction: CO2,S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Seeds
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Warm Spicy Scent
Approaches: 
Bath  Compress  Diffuser  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-First-Trimester)     Skin-Irritant(mild)
Health Uses: 
Candida   Coughs   Flatulence   Impotence   Indigestion   Nausea  
Emotional States: 
Stress (Emotional)   Stress (Mental)
Properties: 
Anti-septic-general   Anti-spasmodic   Aphrodisiac   Astringent   Diuretic   Stimulant-digestive  
Oil Constituents
Borneol  1,8 Cineole  Limonene  Terpineol  Zingiberene 

Open Source PDF Documents for Cardamom
 
1. A Brief on the Use of Essential Oils with Traditional Chinese Medicine
2. Antimicrobial Action of Essential Oils: The Effect of DSMO on Cinnamon Oil
3. Clinical Efficacy of a New Mouthwash Containing Essential Oil of Cardamom
4. Composition of Essential Oil of Elettaria cardamomum
5. Essential Oils as Novel Human Skin Penetration Enhancer - Transdermal Drug Delivery
6. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties
7. Evaluation of Aromatic Plants Used to Fight Multidrug Resistant Infections
8. Low Temperature Extraction of Essential Oil of Cardamom
 
9. Optimising Fertility with Essential Oils
10. Pharmaceutical and Therapeutic Potentials of Essential Oils
11. Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Plants from the Ginger Family, Zingiberaceae
12. Tamala - Cinnamomum tamala: A Valuable Tree from Himalayas
13. Therapeutic uses of Elettaria cardomum
14. Using of Coffee and Cardamom Mixture for Stress Induced in Gamma-Irradiated Rats
15. Versatile Psychophysiological Potencies of Essential Oils
16. Volatile Constituents of Elettaria cardamomum Maton Seed


 
Carnation -- Dianthus caryophyllus
French NameCeillet  German NameNelkenblüthen  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Caryophyllales, Family: Caryophyllaceae, Genus: Dianthus L.   Specie: Dianthus caryophyllus  D.
Etymology:  Dianthus - Greek dios, "divine" and anthos, "flower" - flower of Zeus         caryophyllus - Clove-leaved
 From: Egypt  France  Italy  Kenya 
 Recommended Dilution: High Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 50-100 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: Protection   Extraction: S/E
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Flowers
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Health Uses: 
Stretch Marks  
Properties: 
Anti-spasmodic   Febrifuge   Healing   Stimulant-general   Tonic-cardiac  
Oil Constituents
Benzyl benzoate  Eugenol  Linalool 

Abstract: 
Carnation oil can easily be counterfeited by mixing Black Pepper and Ylang Ylang oils together to produce a smell that is nearly identical to that of Carnation. However, doing so will obviously not yield an oil that has the therapeutic properties of authentic, genuine Carnation oil.

Buyer beware.


 
Carrot Seed -- Daucus carota Latin AliasOleum Daucus Carotae
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Apiales, Family: Apiaceae, Genus: Daucus L.   Specie: Daucus carota  L.
Etymology:  Daucus - An umbelliferous plant         carota - Greek word for carrot
From: England  Europe  France  N. America 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Biennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 50-100 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: Fertility  Lust   Extraction: C/P,F/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 128-130° F      Plant Part: Seeds
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Sweet Earthy Scent
Approaches: 
Bath  Compress  Diffuser  Facial  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Internal-Use-Causes-Abortion     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)
Health Uses: 
Anorexia   Menstration (Irregular)   Menstration (PMS)   Rashes   Wrinkled Skin  
Properties: 
Anti-septic-general   Carminative   Cleanser   Detoxifer   Diuretic   Emmenagogues   Stimulant-general   Tonic-general  
Oil Constituents
Alephatic aldehyde  Carotal  1,8 Cineole  Limonene  Pinene  Terpineol 

Open Source PDF Documents for Carrot Seed
 
1. Antimicrobial and Synergistic Effects of some Essential Oils to Fight Pathogens
2. Chemical Composition of Carrot Seeds Cultivated in Turkey
 
3. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties
4. Synergistic Interactions of Lavender Essential Oil


 
Cascarilla Bark -- Croton eluteria    ---      Extracted oil from this plant is not used in aromatherapy.  

 This oil was sometimes used in the past and has the Latin alias of Oleum Tiglii

French Name: Cascarille  German Name: Cascarillarinde  

Currently I am unable to find specific details as to why this oil is on several people's "Don't Touch It!" list. Many sources do not give any reason whatsoever while some sources simply say "It's too toxic." or "Never use it." or "I would never have it in my house."

There are a number of oils that appear to be in a "Grey Area" category. For example, I have noticed that some authors will shy away from Cedar Leaf and Mugwort claiming that they are "Too toxic for use in aromatherapy". Then, 4 other books will go on to explain all of the uses for Cedar Leaf and Mugwort. Likely the cause for concern with these two particular oils is Thujone. Whether or not the author then goes on to talk about Thujone, this particular cause for concern is a valid one. Many sources are void of any reasons that explain why a particular oil should be avoided. Occasionally, one source here or there will even contradict itself within the same document saying that it is toxic on one page and its used for __________ on another page.

Two things seem consistent, however.

 1.  Several different book authors agree that this oil should not be used in aromatherapy.
 2. Often, merchants who have this oil listed for sale either ignore all of the warnings, don't know about them, or explain how their particular oil is somehow special and not toxic.

Erring on the side of safety, this oil will stay on my Unused list unless future information can convince me otherwise. If you are interested in some purported property or health benefit from this particular oil, consider using a different oil - we've got plenty.

Unraveling the mysteries of the Unused is a path of brambles. The search for answers continues.

A list of other oils which should not be used in aromatherapy can be viewed here -- Unused Essential Oils In Aromatherapy
 


 
Cassia Bark -- Cinnamomum cassia   aka:  Cinnamomum zeylanicum , Cinnamomum aromaticum  --- Please see Cinnamon Bark
 


 
Cassie -- Vachellia farnesiana   aka:  Acacia farnesciana
French NameCassie  German NameAcacie  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Fabales, Family: Fabaceae, Genus: Vachellia L.   Specie: Vachellia farnesiana  (L.) Wight & Arn.
Etymology:  Vachellia - after Rev. George Harvey Vachell (1798-1839)         farnesiana - referring to Farnese gardens on Palatine Hill in Rome
 From: C. America  Egypt  Mexico  USA 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Top Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Shrub
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 3 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Flowers
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption


 
Catnip -- Nepeta cataria   aka:  Nepeta curviflora
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Lamiales, Family: Lamiaceae, Genus: Nepeta L.   Specie: Nepeta cataria  L.
Etymology:  Nepeta - Scorpion -or- from Nepeti, Italy (ancient Tuscan town)         cataria - Generic Latin name for cat
From: Canada  China  Mediteranean  Russia  Turkey 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Moon  Venus   Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yin     Element: Water Plant Height: 1-2 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: Love   Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Leaves/Flowers
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image 
Approaches: 
Infusion  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Health Uses: 
Flatulence   Indigestion   Insomnia  
Emotional States: 
Happiness
Properties: 
Anti-microbial   Anti-spasmodic   Carminative   Emmenagogues   Sedative   Stimulant-digestive  
Oil Constituents
Limonene (0.3%)   Nepatalactone (79%)   Pinocarvone (1%)   Pulegone (2%)   Thymol (2%)  
Deters These Pests: 
Mice / Rats   Mosquitoes

Addendum(s)
 Harvesting Methods
Flowering tops are best when harvested in August. (Using Plants for Healing  pg. 164)

Note
Only about 70% of the cats out there will respond to the scent of this oil. Does it work with your cat?  

Open Source PDF Documents for Catnip
 
1. Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activity of the Oil of Nepeta cataria
2. Antioxidant and Free Radical Scavenging Activities of Essential Oils
 
3. Chemical Composition and Antifungal Activity of Plant Essential Oils
4. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties


 
Cedar Leaf -- Thuja occidentalis  --- Please see Thuja
 


 
Cedarwood (Atlas) -- Cedrus atlantica   aka:  Cedrus libani , Cedrus virginiana Latin AliasOleum Cedri
French NameBois de Cèdre  German NameCedernholz  
   
 
Div: Coniferophyta, Class: Pinopsida, Order: Pinales, Family: Pinaceae, Genus: Cedrus L.   Specie: Cedrus atlantica  Endl.
Etymology:  Cedrus - True cedar -or- resinous tree         atlantica - Atlantic and the Atlas Mountains, refers to Atlas - God who bore up the pillers of Heaven
From: Algeria  Morocco  N. America 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Base Astral Bodies: Uranus   Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: Base-Middle Polarity: Yang     Element: Air Plant Height: 30-40 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers:  Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point     Money  Protection  Purification   Plant Part: Wood
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Light Resinous Scent
Approaches: 
Candles  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Avoid-if-have-Extreme-Allergies     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)     Skin-Irritant(mild)
Health Uses: 
Cystitis   Urinary Tract Infections  
Properties: 
Anti-infectious   Anti-septic-general   Fixative   Stimulant-general  
Oil Constituents
Atlantone 
Deters These Pests: 
Aphids   Gnats   Slugs   Snails   Weevils

Addendum(s)
 Note
Ancient Egyptians often wiped Cedarwood oils on papyrus sheets which were used for important written documents. The oil made the papyrus unattractive to feeding insects and thus helped to preserve the scripts.

Open Source PDF Documents for Cedarwood (Atlas)
 
1. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Cedrus atlantica
2. In vitro Antibacterial Activity of Some Plant Essential Oils
 
3. Synergistic Interactions of Lavender Essential Oil
4. The Role of Essential Oils in the Treatment and Management of ADHD


 
Celery Herb -- Apium graveolens  --- Please see Celery Seed
 Note: Generally speaking, essential oil extracted from the celery plant itself (not from the seeds) is of a lesser therapeutic value and is perhaps better suited for use in the flavor and fragrance industries where it is used extensively. For an idea of the differences in the chemical make-up between the Celery Seed oil and Celery Herb oil please see the detailed study here: (Development of a Celery Oil and Extract Industry).
 


 
Celery Seed -- Apium graveolens
Spanish NameApio Silvestre  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Apiales, Family: Apiaceae, Genus: Apium L.   Specie: Apium graveolens  L.
Etymology:  Apium - Latin, apium, "celery"         graveolens - Heavily scented
 From: India 
 Recommended Dilution: High Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 20-50 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Seeds
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image 
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Keep-Away-From-Children     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Phototoxic(mild)     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)
Properties: 
Anti-septic-general   Anti-septic-urinary   Anti-spasmodic   Carminative   Depurative   Diuretic   Hepatic   Sedative   Stomachic  
Oil Constituents
Limonene  Sedanenolide  Sedanolide  β-Selinene  Terpinolene 

Open Source PDF Documents for Celery Seed
 
1. Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils and their Synergy with Fluconazole
 
2. Development of a Celery Oil and Extract Industry


 
Chamomile (Cape) -- Eriocephalus punctulatus   aka:  Eriocephalus tenuifolius
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Asterales, Family: Asteraceae, Genus: Eriocephalus L.   Specie: Eriocephalus punctulatus  DC.
From: S. Africa 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 20-50 cm
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Flowering Tops
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches: 
Bath  Compress  Diffuser  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Health Uses: 
Insomnia  
Emotional States: 
Depression
Properties: 
Anti-depressant  
Oil Constituents
Linalyl acetate 

Abstract: 
There is some controversy about the source plant for this oil. Simply do an Internet search -- "Chemotaxonomic evidence suggests that Eriocephalus tenuifolius is the source of Cape chamomile oil and not Eriocephalus punctulatus"

Open Source PDF Document for Chamomile (Cape): 
1. Composition of Commercial Cape Chamomile Oil


 
Chamomile (German) -- Matricaria recutita   aka:  Matricaria chamomilla Latin AliasOleum Matricaria Recutita
Spanish NameManzanilla  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Asterales, Family: Asteraceae, Genus: Matricaria L.   Specie: Matricaria recutita  L.
Etymology:  Matricaria - The womb or a place where something is generated         recutita - Having a fresh or new skin, circumcised
From: England  France  Germany  Hungary  Morocco  N. America  S. America 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Sun  Venus   Plant Catagory: Annual
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yang     Element: Water Plant Height: 20-50 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: Money   Extraction: S/D,S/E
Oil is Child Safe (Diluted) Oil Flash Point: 125-127° F      Plant Part: Flowers/Leaves
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image Deep Earthy Scent
Approaches: 
Bath  Compress  Diffuser  Facial  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Lactation(Avoid-During-Lactation)     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-First-Trimester)     Ragweed-Allergy(Avoid-if-have-Ragweed-Allergy)
Health Uses: 
Acne   Asthma   Bee Stings   Black Eye   Burns   Cystitis   Diarrhea   Eczema   Facial Skin (Wrinkles)   Fever   Hay Fever   Nausea   Nightmares   Rheumatism   Sprains   Sunburns   Wasp Sting   Wrinkled Skin  
Emotional States: 
Depression
Properties: 
Anti-bacterial   Anti-depressant   Anti-infectious   Anti-inflammatory   Carminative   Disinfectant   Sedative   Stimulant-appetite   Tonic-general  
Oil Constituents
Azulene  α-Bisabolol (1%)   Bisabolone oxide (2%)   Chamazulene  Coumarines  α-Farnesene (4%)   β-Farnesene (62%)  

Addendum(s)
 Note
Chamomile makes a great ground cover and its a plant that can take a fair amount of abuse. "Like a Chamomile bed, the more it is trodden, the more it will spread."

Note 2
Chamomile (Roman and German) and Hyssop are well known for their ability to "help" heal ailing plants located near them. Planting Chamomile or Hyssop in the garden is always beneficial for the surrounding plants and is known to protect them from bacterial invasion. If you don't happen to have a Chamomile plant laying around an alternative is to mix 2 or 3 drops of essential oil in a cup of water, mix thoroughly, and sprinkle or spray this solution onto suffering house plants, garden plants, etc.

Open Source PDF Documents for Chamomile (German)
 
1. Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities of Fennel, German Chamomile
2. Antioxidant Property of Volatile Oils Determined by the Ferric Reducing Ability
3. Chamomile: A Herbal Medicine of the Past with Bright Future
4. Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils of Ten Plants
5. Comparison of Chemical Constituents of Chamomilla recutita Essential Oil
6. Essential Oil Content and Composition of German Chamomile - Irrigation Regimes
7. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties
8. German and Roman Chamomile
 
9. Hierarchical Clustering of Commercial Chamomile Oil, A Quality Assessment Approach
10. Inhibitory Effect of Chamomile Essential Oil
11. Inhibitory Effect of Essential Oils Against Herpes
12. Menopause: Essential Oils Vs. Traditional Allopathic Medicine
13. Olivia's Essential Oils Guide for Dummies
14. Pharmaceutical and Therapeutic Potentials of Essential Oils
15. Pharmacological Potential of Matricaria recutita
16. Pharmacological Properties of Matricaria recutita: A Review


 
Chamomile (Moroccan) -- Chamaemelum mixtum   aka:  Chamaemelum mixta , Ormenis mixta
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Asterales, Family: Asteraceae, Genus: Chamaemelum Mill.   Specie: Chamaemelum mixtum  Mill.
Etymology:  Chamaemelum - Chamae - to be on the ground or low-growing or dwarf like, mel - smells like honey         mixtum - Looks like two plants mixed together
 From: Algeria  Morocco 
 Recommended Dilution: Low Note: Top Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Annual
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 20-30 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Flowers/Leaves
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Health Uses: 
Acne   Asthma   Sunburns  
Properties: 
Anti-inflammatory   Anti-microbial  
Oil Constituents
Camphor  Limonene  α-Pinene 

Abstract: 
Moroccan Chamomile is different from the other Chamomiles in both chemical composition and scent. Moroccan Chamomile is used throughout the fragrance industry, commonly as a top note in colognes and perfumes.

The use of this oil in aromatherapy is controversial... Many authors explain that it has minimal if any health benefits. Other authors believe that it is useful for the properties and health uses listed above. Personally I choose not to use it since it is a common component of colognes and perfumes so I am suspicious if it is often adulterated...

One author, Kurt Schnaubelt, suggests that Tanacetum anuum (Blue Tansy) is also known as Moroccan Chamomile, though I am not sure why.


 
Chamomile (Roman) -- Anthemis nobilis   aka:  Chamaemelum nobile Latin AliasOleum Anthemidis
French NameCamomille Romaine  German NameRömische Kamillen  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Asterales, Family: Asteraceae, Genus: Chamaemelum Mill.   Specie: Anthemis nobilis  L.
Etymology:  Anthemis - Greek anthemon, "flower,"         nobilis - Noble or notable
From: Bulgaria  England  France  Hungary  Yugoslovia U.S. Growth Region: 3-4
Recommended Dilution: Low Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Sun  Venus   Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yang     Element: Water Plant Height: 20-30 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers:  Extraction: S/D,S/E
Oil is Child Safe (Diluted) Oil Flash Point: 110-112° F     Love  Money  Purification   Plant Part: Flowers/Leaves
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image Soft Fruity Scent
Approaches: 
Compress  Diffuser  Facial  Humidifier  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-First-Trimester)     Ragweed-Allergy(Avoid-if-have-Ragweed-Allergy)     Skin-Irritant(mild)
Health Uses: 
Acne   Anorexia   Asthma   Bee Stings   Black Eye   Broken Capillaries   Burns   Dementia   Diarrhea   Earaches   Eczema   Facial Eczema (Dry)   Facial Eczema (Wet)   Facial Skin (Oily)   Facial Skin (Wrinkles)   Fever   Hay Fever   Headaches   Heatstroke   Insomnia   Jellyfish Sting   Menopause   Menstration (PMS)   Miscarriage   Muscle Cramps   Nausea   Rheumatism   Sprains   Sunburns   Wasp Sting   Wrinkled Skin  
Emotional States: 
Depression   Irritation (Mental)   Stress (Physical)
Properties: 
Analgesic   Anti-bacterial   Anti-biotic   Anti-depressant   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-parasitic   Anti-septic-general   Anti-spasmodic   Disinfectant   Hepatic   Sedative   Stimulant-digestive   Stimulant-immune-system  
Oil Constituents
Azulene
Camphene (1%)
1,8 Cineole (0%-0.2%)
Limonene (0%-2.6%)
Methacrylic ester (3%)
Methyl allyl angelate (10.4%-36.5%)
Methyl butyl acetate (0.5%)
Methyl butyl angelate (7.7%-9.6%)
3-Methylbutyl (6%)
α-Pinene (2.2%-10.5%)
β-Pinene (0.2%-2.7%)
Pinocarvone (2.2%-4.9%)
Sabinene (0%)

Addendum(s)
 Note
Chamomile makes a great ground cover and its a plant that can take a fair amount of abuse. "Like a Chamomile bed, the more it is trodden, the more it will spread."

Note 2
Chamomile (Roman and German) and Hyssop are well known for their ability to "help" heal ailing plants located near them. Planting Chamomile or Hyssop in the garden is always beneficial for the surrounding plants and is known to protect them from bacterial invasion. If you don't happen to have a Chamomile plant laying around an alternative is to mix 2 or 3 drops of essential oil in a cup of water, mix thoroughly, and sprinkle or spray this solution onto suffering house plants, garden plants, etc.

Plant Growing Tips
Sow the seeds outside in late spring (after frost has past), 4 to 6 inches apart in semi-rich soil with full sun. Harvest flowers and leaves mid to late summer for teas, cooking, potpourri, or essential oil distillation.

Open Source PDF Documents for Chamomile (Roman)
 
1. A Comprehensive Review of Vaginitis Phytotherapy
2. Aromatherapy in Pregnancy
3. Aromatherapy in the Management of Psychiatric Disorders
4. Aromatherapy in the Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders
5. Chamomile: A Herbal Medicine of the Past with Bright Future
6. Clinical Phytotherapy for Women's Health
7. Complementary Therapies and Dementia
 
8. Composition of Supercritical CO2 Derived Extracts of Chamaemelum nobile
9. Evaluation of the Antibacterial Activity of a Sizable Set of Essential Oils
10. German and Roman Chamomile
11. Improvement of Sleep and Circadian Rhythm Disturbance by Aromatherapy Massage
12. Olivia's Essential Oils Guide for Dummies
13. The Role of Essential Oils in the Treatment and Management of ADHD


 
Chamomile (Wild) -- Ormenis multicaulis    ---      Extracted oil from this plant is not used in aromatherapy.  

 Wild Chamomile is often confused with Moroccan Chamomile. As far as I can tell, Wild Chamomile (Ormenis multicaulis) is not used in aromatherapy and has minimal therapeutic value. It is a pale to brownish-yellow oil which is used throughout the fragrance industry as a top note in colognes. It appears that it has no use in the flavor industry. Ormenis multicaulis grows freely and abundantly in Northern Morocco and the oil has been distilled there since the 1970s. The oil is said to have a specific gravity of between 0.880 and 0.980 at 25°C

A list of other oils which should not be used in aromatherapy can be viewed here -- Unused Essential Oils In Aromatherapy
 


 
Champaca -- Michelia champaca
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Magnoliales, Family: Magnoliaceae, Genus: Michelia L.   Specie: Michelia champaca  L.
From: India 
 Recommended Dilution: High Note: Top Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 3 m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/E
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Flowers
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Not-For-Internal-Consumption

Open Source PDF Document for Champaca: 
1. Floral Essential Oils: Importance and Uses for Mankind


 
Chasteberry -- Vitex agnus-castus  --- Please see Vitex
 


 
Cherry Laurel -- Prunus laurocerasus    ---      Extracted oil from this plant is not used in aromatherapy.  

 Please see the comments for Bitter Almond

A list of other oils which should not be used in aromatherapy can be viewed here -- Unused Essential Oils In Aromatherapy
 


 
Chervil -- Anthriscus cerefolium   aka:  Anthriscus longirostris    ---      Extracted oil from this plant is not used in aromatherapy.  

 Currently I am unable to find specific details as to why this oil is on several people's "Don't Touch It!" list. Many sources do not give any reason whatsoever while some sources simply say "It's too toxic." or "Never use it." or "I would never have it in my house."

There are a number of oils that appear to be in a "Grey Area" category. For example, I have noticed that some authors will shy away from Cedar Leaf and Mugwort claiming that they are "Too toxic for use in aromatherapy". Then, 4 other books will go on to explain all of the uses for Cedar Leaf and Mugwort. Likely the cause for concern with these two particular oils is Thujone. Whether or not the author then goes on to talk about Thujone, this particular cause for concern is a valid one. Many sources are void of any reasons that explain why a particular oil should be avoided. Occasionally, one source here or there will even contradict itself within the same document saying that it is toxic on one page and its used for __________ on another page.

Two things seem consistent, however.

 1.  Several different book authors agree that this oil should not be used in aromatherapy.
 2. Often, merchants who have this oil listed for sale either ignore all of the warnings, don't know about them, or explain how their particular oil is somehow special and not toxic.

Erring on the side of safety, this oil will stay on my Unused list unless future information can convince me otherwise. If you are interested in some purported property or health benefit from this particular oil, consider using a different oil - we've got plenty.

Unraveling the mysteries of the Unused is a path of brambles. The search for answers continues.

A list of other oils which should not be used in aromatherapy can be viewed here -- Unused Essential Oils In Aromatherapy
 


 
Cinnamon Bark -- Cinnamomum zeylanicum   aka:  Cinnamomum ceylanicum , Cinnamomum verum    ---
      Extracted oil from this plant is not used in aromatherapy.  

 Cinnamon oil from the bark is generally about 30 times stronger than cinnamon oil from the leaf - Cinnamon Leaf. Since the bark oil is so highly concentrated it is considered toxic by most aromatherapists and therefore not recommended for use.

A list of other oils which should not be used in aromatherapy can be viewed here -- Unused Essential Oils In Aromatherapy
 


 
Cinnamon Cassia -- Cinnamomum cassia  --- Please see Cinnamon Bark     Latin AliasOleum Cinnamomi     
 


 
Cinnamon Leaf -- Cinnamomum zeylanicum   aka:  Cinnamomum ceylanicum , Cinnamomum verum Latin AliasOleum Cinnamomi
French NameCanelle  German NameZimmtrinde  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Laurales, Family: Lauraceae, Genus: Cinnamomum Schaeff.   Specie: Cinnamomum zeylanicum  J.Presl
Etymology:  Cinnamomum - Cinnamon         zeylanicum - Ceylon - the previous name of Sri Lanka
From: Africa  India  Java  Madagascar  Sri Lanka U.S. Growth Region: 9
Recommended Dilution: High Note: Base Astral Bodies: Mars  Sun   Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: Base-Middle Polarity: Yang     Element: Fire Plant Height: 8-10 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers:  Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 115-117° F     Clairvoyance  Love  Lust   Plant Part: Leaves/Twigs
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Sweet Spicy Scent
Approaches: 
Candles  Diffuser  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Do-Not-Use-for-Massage     Keep-Away-From-Children     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Overuse-Causes-Convulsions     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)     Skin-Irritant(high)
Health Uses: 
Candida   Colds   Coughs   Cystitis   E. coli   Scabies   Whooping Cough  
Emotional States: 
Depression
Properties: 
Anti-bacterial   Anti-biotic   Anti-depressant   Anti-fungal   Anti-infectious   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-microbial   Anti-parasitic   Anti-septic-general   Anti-spasmodic   Anti-viral   Aphrodisiac   Astringent   Carminative   Insecticidal   Stimulant-digestive   Stimulant-general   Stimulant-glandular  
Oil Constituents
β-Caryophyllene (6.9%-11.1%)   Cinnamic acid  Cinnamic aldehyde  Coumarines 

Open Source PDF Documents for Cinnamon Leaf
 
1. A Review on Antidermatophytic Efficiency of Plant Essential Oils
2. Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils Against Respiratory Tract Pathogens
3. Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils and their Synergy with Fluconazole
4. Antifungal activity of Plant Oils against Oral Clinical Isolates of Candida
5. Antifungal Investigations on Plant Essential Oils. A Review
6. Antimicrobial Action of Essential Oils: The Effect of DSMO on Cinnamon Oil
7. Antimicrobial Activity of Cinnamon, Clove and Galangal Essential Oils
8. Antimicrobial and Synergistic Effects of some Essential Oils to Fight Pathogens
9. Antioxidant and Free Radical Scavenging Activities of Essential Oils
10. Antitumor and Antibacterial Activity of Heracleum and Cinnamon
11. Characterization of Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Compounds of Cinnamon and Ginger
12. Chemical Composition and Antifungal Activity of Plant Essential Oils
13. Chemical Composition of Volatile Oil from Cinnamomum zeylanicum Buds
14. Effect of Cinnamon zeylanicum Essence and Distillate on the Clotting Time
15. Essential Oils as Novel Human Skin Penetration Enhancer - Transdermal Drug Delivery
16. Essential Oils in Combination and Their Antimicrobial Properties
17. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties
 
18. Essential Oils: Their Antibacterial Properties and Potential Application in Food
19. Evaluation of Aromatic Plants Used to Fight Multidrug Resistant Infections
20. Evaluation of the Antibacterial Activity of a Sizable Set of Essential Oils
21. In vitro Antibacterial Activity of Some Plant Essential Oils
22. In vitro Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils Against Isolates from HIV Patients
23. Inhibitory Effect of the Essential Oil from Cinnamomum zeylanicum Leaves
24. Mosquito Knock-down and Adulticidal Activities of Essential Oils by Various Methods
25. Pharmaceutical and Therapeutic Potentials of Essential Oils
26. Role of Volatile Oil of Natural Source in the Cosmetics and Health Care Industries
27. Screening of Antibacterial Sensitivity of Essential Oils of Camphor and Cinnamon
28. Susceptibilities of Candida albicans Mouth Isolates to Antifungal Agents
29. Synergism Between Cinnamon and Clove Inhibiting E. coli and S. aureus
30. Synergistic Interactions of Lavender Essential Oil
31. Tamala - Cinnamomum tamala: A Valuable Tree from Himalayas
32. The Potential Effectiveness of Essential Oils as a Treatment for Head Lice
33. Versatile Psychophysiological Potencies of Essential Oils


 
Cistus -- Cistus ladaniferus   aka:  Cistus incanus  --- Please see Rock Rose
 


 
Citronella -- Cymbopogon nardus Latin AliasOleum Citronellae
French NameCitronelle  German NameCitronella  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Cyperales, Family: Poaceae, Genus: Cymbopogon Spreng.   Specie: Cymbopogon nardus  Spreng.
Etymology:  Cymbopogon - Cymba - Latin for boat, pogon - bearded or the shape of bracts         nardus - Nard - an Indian or Assyrian plant yielding a fragrant substance for unguents
 From: Madagascar  S. America  Sri Lanka 
 Recommended Dilution: High Note: Top Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Grass
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 5-10 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 10 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Grass
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Light Citrusy Scent
Approaches: 
Candles  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)     Skin-Irritant(high)
Properties: 
Anti-bacterial   Anti-fungal   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-septic-general   Insect-repellent  
Oil Constituents
Borneol  Citronellal  Elemol  Geraniol  Methyl isoeugenol 
Deters These Pests: 
Ants   Fleas   Flies (common)   Gnats   Mosquitoes   Moths   Nematodes   Ticks

Open Source PDF Documents for Citronella
 
1. A Novel Method to Estimate the Contribution of the Vapor Activity of Essential Oils
2. Antidermatophytic Activity of Essential Oils
3. Chemical Composition and Antifungal Activity of Plant Essential Oils
4. Effects of Essential Oils on Escherichia coli
5. Essential Oils as Anti-Protozoal Agents
 
6. In vitro Antibacterial Activity of Some Plant Essential Oils
7. Insect Repellent Activity of Medicinal Plant Oils Against Mosquitoes
8. Mosquito Knock-down and Adulticidal Activities of Essential Oils by Various Methods
9. Plant-based Insect Repellents: A Review of their Efficacy and Testing


 
Citronella (Javan) -- Cymbopogon winterianus
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Cyperales, Family: Poaceae, Genus: Cymbopogon Spreng.   Specie: Cymbopogon winterianus  Spreng.
From: Java 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Top Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Grass
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 5-10 cm
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 10 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Grass
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Light Citrusy Scent
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Health Uses: 
Candida   E. coli   Urinary Tract Infections  

Abstract: 
Citronella from the island of Java has a sweeter scent and is often cheaper in price because the plants there yield considerably more essential oil.

Addendum(s)
 E coli.
Studies done in Brazil in 2006 suggest that Lemon Verbena essential oil, Citronella (Javan) essential oil, and Palmarosa essential oil are strong inhibitors of Escherichia coli commonly known as E. coli. (Effects of Essential Oils on Escherichia coli)

Open Source PDF Documents for Citronella (Javan)
 
1. A Comprehensive Review of Vaginitis Phytotherapy
2. Antifungal Activity of Cymbopogon winterianus against Candida
3. Effects of Cymbopogon winterianus on Trichophyton mentagrophytes
 
4. Effects of Essential Oils on Escherichia coli
5. Evaluation of Anti-Mosquito Properties of Essential Oils
6. Phytochemicals: New Weapons against New Enemies


 
Clary Sage -- Salvia sclarea
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Lamiales, Family: Lamiaceae, Genus: Salvia L.   Specie: Salvia sclarea  L.
Etymology:  Salvia - Whole or sound         sclarea - Sclera or white of the eyeball
From: France  Germany  Italy  New Zealand  Russia  Spain  Syria 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Mercury   Plant Catagory: Biennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: Middle-Top Polarity: Yang     Element: Air Plant Height: 100-120 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 5 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Flowers
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Alcohol(Avoid-Use-With-Alcohol)     Keep-Away-From-Children     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)     Stupefying-in-High-Doses
Health Uses: 
Hot Flashes   Infertility (Female)   Menopause   Menstration (Amenorrhoea)   Menstration (Cramps)   Menstration (Dysmenorrhoea)   Menstration (Irregular)   Menstration (PMS)   Muscle Cramps  
Emotional States: 
Depression   Stress (Chemical)
Properties: 
Anti-bacterial   Anti-depressant   Anti-infectious   Anti-septic-general   Aphrodisiac  
Oil Constituents
Borneol
Camphene
Citronellal
Citronellol
Coumarines
Geraniol
Limonene
Linalol
Linalyl acetate
Nerol
Pinene
Sclareol
Terpinene
Terpinolene
Thujol

Abstract: 
It is commonly said that Clary Sage essential oil mimics the effects of estrogen. However, this is likely false. Please see the comments for Sclareol.

Addendum(s)
 Common Name Etymology
Clary is from the Latin word clarus meaning "Clear" which stems from the use of Clary Sage as a medieval remedy for blurred vision

Open Source PDF Documents for Clary Sage
 
1. A Brief on the Use of Essential Oils with Traditional Chinese Medicine
2. Antifungal activity of Plant Oils against Oral Clinical Isolates of Candida
3. Antioxidant Property of Volatile Oils Determined by the Ferric Reducing Ability
4. Aromatherapy in Pregnancy
5. Chemical Investigation of Decanted Salvia sclarea Essential Oil
6. Clinical Phytotherapy for Women's Health
7. Essential Oil Interventions for Premenstrual Syndrome and the Menopause
8. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties
 
9. Evidence-Based Aromatherapy: Stress Relief and Much More
10. Menopause: Essential Oils Vs. Traditional Allopathic Medicine
11. Optimising Fertility with Essential Oils
12. Pharmaceutical and Therapeutic Potentials of Essential Oils
13. The Effect of Stimulating and Soothing Smells on Heart Rate and Memory
14. The Essential Oil of Salvia sclarea L. from Tajikistan
15. The Role of Essential Oils in the Treatment and Management of ADHD


 
Clove (Brazil) -- Dicypellium caryophyllatum  --- Please see Clove Bud
 Note: This oil comes from steam distilling the bark of a small tree that grows in Brazil and French Guiana. The oil has a similar smell and taste to that of Clove Bud oil. Clove Bark, Cayenne Rosewood, and Brazil Clove all refer to this same oil which comes from the bark of this small tree. This oil may be difficult to find because Clove Bud oil is such a perfect alternative.
 


 
Clove Bark -- Dicypellium caryophyllatum  --- Please see Clove Bud
 Note: This oil comes from steam distilling the bark of a small tree that grows in Brazil and French Guiana. The oil has a similar smell and taste to that of Clove Bud oil. Clove Bark, Cayenne Rosewood, and Brazil Clove all refer to this same oil which comes from the bark of this small tree. This oil may be difficult to find because Clove Bud oil is such a perfect alternative.
 


 
Clove Bud -- Syzygium aromaticum   aka:  Eugenia caryophyllata , Eugenia aromatica Latin AliasOleum Caryophylli
French NameClous de Girofle  German NameNelkengewürz  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Myrtales, Family: Myrtaceae, Genus: Syzygium Gaertn.   Specie: Syzygium aromaticum  Merr. & L.M. Perry
Etymology:  Syzygium - Greek - syzygos A joining or yoking together         aromaticum - Aromatic like
 From: India  Indonesia  Java  Madagascar  Philippines  Sri Lanka  Vietnam  West Indies 
 Recommended Dilution: High Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Jupiter  Sun  Venus   Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yang     Element: Fire Plant Height: 60-100 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers:  Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point     Love  Money  Protection   Plant Part: Buds
 Specific Gravity: 1.034 - 1.055Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Deep Spicy Scent
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Do-Not-Use-in-the-Bath     Keep-Away-From-Children     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)     Skin-Irritant(high)     Use-Sparingly
Health Uses: 
Arthritis (Rheumatoid)   Asthma   Athletes Foot   Bleeding Gums   Candida   Colds   Coughs   E. coli   Intestinal Parasites   Muscle Aches   Muscle Soreness   Nausea   Rheumatism   Scabies   Sinus Infections   Toothaches   Warts   Whooping Cough  
Emotional States: 
Stress (Mental)
Properties: 
Analgesic   Anti-bacterial   Anti-biotic   Anti-catarrh   Anti-fungal   Anti-infectious   Anti-microbial   Anti-parasitic   Anti-rheumatic   Anti-septic-general   Anti-viral   Aphrodisiac   Nervine   Sedative  
Oil Constituents
β-Caryophyllene (3.6%-17.8%)   Eugenol (67.6%-80.9%)   Eugenyl acetate (3%)   α-Humulene (2.2%-4.2%)  

Abstract: 
Clove oil is often used in hospitals and dental clinics to sterilize surgical instruments and other medical tools. Its one of the best antiseptics known to man.

Addendum(s)
 Common Name Etymology
Clove comes from the Latin word clavus meaning "nail" in reference to the shape of the clove bud

Open Source PDF Documents for Clove Bud
 
1. A Novel Method to Estimate the Contribution of the Vapor Activity of Essential Oils
2. A Review on Antidermatophytic Efficiency of Plant Essential Oils
3. Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils: Potential Application in Food
4. Antidermatophytic Activity of Essential Oils
5. Antifungal Activities of Clove Bud and Lemon Manuka
6. Antifungal Activity of Clove Essential Oil Against Dermatophytic Fungi
7. Antifungal Activity of Essential Oil from Syzygium aromaticum on Candida
8. Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils Against Respiratory Tract Pathogens
9. Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils and their Synergy with Fluconazole
10. Antifungal activity of Plant Oils against Oral Clinical Isolates of Candida
11. Antifungal Investigations on Plant Essential Oils. A Review
12. Antimicrobial Action of Essential Oils: The Effect of DSMO on Cinnamon Oil
13. Antimicrobial Activity of Cinnamon, Clove and Galangal Essential Oils
14. Antimicrobial Agents from Plants: Antibacterial Activity of Plant Oils
15. Antimicrobial Agents from Plants: Antibacterial Activity of Plant Volatile Oils
16. Antimicrobial and Synergistic Effects of some Essential Oils to Fight Pathogens
17. Antimicrobial Effect of Clove and Lemongrass Oils against S. Aureus
18. Antioxidant and Free Radical Scavenging Activities of Essential Oils
19. Aromatherapy as an Adjunct for the Management and Treatment of Pain
20. Chemical Composition and Antifungal Activity of Plant Essential Oils
21. Chemical Constituents of Clove and their Antioxidant Activity
22. Christmas Gingerbread and Christmas Cheer
 
23. Comparative Antimicrobial Activity of Clove and Fennel Essential Oils
24. Constituents of the Essential Oil from Leaves and Buds of Clove
25. Essential Oils as Modifiers of Rumen Microbial Fermentation
26. Essential Oils as Novel Human Skin Penetration Enhancer - Transdermal Drug Delivery
27. Essential Oils in Combination and Their Antimicrobial Properties
28. Essential Oils Isolated from Myrtaceae Family as Natural Insecticides
29. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties
30. Essential Oils: Their Antibacterial Properties and Potential Application in Food
31. Eugenol: A Review of a Remarkable and Versatile Molecule
32. Evaluation of Anti-Mosquito Properties of Essential Oils
33. Evaluation of Aromatic Plants Used to Fight Multidrug Resistant Infections
34. Evaluation of the Antibacterial Activity of a Sizable Set of Essential Oils
35. In vitro Antibacterial Activity of Some Plant Essential Oils
36. Incorporating Essential Oils into Clinical Dentistry
37. Insect Repellent Activity of Medicinal Plant Oils Against Mosquitoes
38. Mosquito Knock-down and Adulticidal Activities of Essential Oils by Various Methods
39. Nutritive Value of Clove and Detection of Antimicrobial Effects of its Bud Oil
40. Plant-based Insect Repellents: A Review of their Efficacy and Testing
41. Potent Protection
42. Synergism Between Cinnamon and Clove Inhibiting E. coli and S. aureus
43. The Cure for all Cancers
44. Treating a Brown Recluse Spider Bite


 
Coriander -- Coriandrum sativum Latin AliasOleum Coriandri
Spanish NameCilantro  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Apiales, Family: Apiaceae, Genus: Coriandrum L.   Specie: Coriandrum sativum  L.
Etymology:  Coriandrum - An ancient name for coriander         sativum - Something that is sown or grown
 From: France  India  Italy  Morocco  New Zealand  Russia  Spain  USA 
 Recommended Dilution: Low Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Moon  Saturn  Venus   Plant Catagory: Annual
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: Middle-Top Polarity: Yang     Element: Fire Plant Height: 20-50 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: Love   Extraction: CO2,S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 132-134° F      Plant Part: Seeds
 Specific Gravity: 0.871Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Warm Spicy Scent
Approaches: 
Bath  Diffuser  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)     Stupefying-in-High-Doses
Health Uses: 
Arthritis (Osteo)   Body Odor   Cystitis   Gout   Menopause   Mental Fatigue   Muscle Spasms   Nausea   Rheumatism  
Emotional States: 
Depression   Irritation (Mental)
Properties: 
Analgesic   Anti-bacterial   Anti-depressant   Anti-infectious   Anti-parasitic   Anti-spasmodic   Aphrodisiac   Carminative   Deodorant   Healing   Stimulant-digestive   Stimulant-general  
Oil Constituents
1,8 Cineole  Coriandrol  Geraniol  Pinene  Terpinene 

Folklore: 
According to Pedanius Dioscorides, an ancient Greek botanist, pharmacologist, and physician, the use of Coriander increases semen. Egyptians and Palestinians often use Coriander for its aphrodisiac properties.

Open Source PDF Documents for Coriander
 
1. A Novel Method to Estimate the Contribution of the Vapor Activity of Essential Oils
2. A Review on Antidermatophytic Efficiency of Plant Essential Oils
3. Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils Against Respiratory Tract Pathogens
4. Antifungal Activity and Chemical Composition of Twenty Essential Oils Against Fungi
5. Antimicrobial Action of Essential Oils: The Effect of DSMO on Cinnamon Oil
6. Antimicrobial and Synergistic Effects of some Essential Oils to Fight Pathogens
7. Antioxidant Property of Volatile Oils Determined by the Ferric Reducing Ability
 
8. Chemical Composition and Antifungal Activity of Plant Essential Oils
9. Chemical Composition of Leaf and Seed Essential Oil of Coriander
10. Coriander - Chemical Compositions, Antiviral and Antioxidant Activities
11. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties
12. Essential Oils: Their Antibacterial Properties and Potential Application in Food
13. Screening of the Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of Eight Essential Oils


 
Coriander (Roman) -- Nigella sativa  --- Please see Black Cumin
 Note: Roman Coriander is more commonly known as Black Cumin which is sometimes referred to as an essential oil but the size and type of its molecules more closely classify it as a carrier oil. Black Cumin oil is also sometimes referred to as Black Caraway, Fennel Flower, Nutmeg Flower, or Blackseed.
 


 
Cornmint -- Mentha arvensis  --- Please see Peppermint
 Note: Cornmint seems to produce a lower quality oil than Peppermint. In my experience Cornmint is noticably different from Peppermint and I would not recommend purchasing it. Perhaps Cornmint is sort of like the "Poor man's Peppermint". Take care when purchasing Peppermint as I have seen a fair number of "Peppermint" bottles that have "Mentha arvensis" written on them.

Cornmint is often used in the perfume industry, in toothpastes, etc.

 


 
Costmary -- Tanacetum balsamita   aka:  Chrysanthemum balsamita
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Asterales, Family: Asteraceae, Genus: Tanacetum L.   Specie: Tanacetum balsamita  L.
From: India  Iran 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Top Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 50-80cm
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life:  Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Leaves
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 

Open Source PDF Documents for Costmary
 
1. Chrysanthemum balsamita (L.) Baill.: A Forgotten Medicinal Plant
2. Essential Oil Composition of Hydroponically Grown Chrysanthemum balsamita L.
 
3. Volatile Oil Constituents of Alecost [Tanacetum balsamita] Growing in Iran


 
Costus Root -- Saussurea costus   aka:  Saussurea lappa    ---      Extracted oil from this plant is not used in aromatherapy.  

 This oil was sometimes used in the past and has the Latin alias of Oleum Inula

Currently I am unable to find specific details as to why this oil is on several people's "Don't Touch It!" list. Many sources do not give any reason whatsoever while some sources simply say "It's too toxic." or "Never use it." or "I would never have it in my house."

There are a number of oils that appear to be in a "Grey Area" category. For example, I have noticed that some authors will shy away from Cedar Leaf and Mugwort claiming that they are "Too toxic for use in aromatherapy". Then, 4 other books will go on to explain all of the uses for Cedar Leaf and Mugwort. Likely the cause for concern with these two particular oils is Thujone. Whether or not the author then goes on to talk about Thujone, this particular cause for concern is a valid one. Many sources are void of any reasons that explain why a particular oil should be avoided. Occasionally, one source here or there will even contradict itself within the same document saying that it is toxic on one page and its used for __________ on another page.

Two things seem consistent, however.

 1.  Several different book authors agree that this oil should not be used in aromatherapy.
 2. Often, merchants who have this oil listed for sale either ignore all of the warnings, don't know about them, or explain how their particular oil is somehow special and not toxic.

Erring on the side of safety, this oil will stay on my Unused list unless future information can convince me otherwise. If you are interested in some purported property or health benefit from this particular oil, consider using a different oil - we've got plenty.

Unraveling the mysteries of the Unused is a path of brambles. The search for answers continues.

A list of other oils which should not be used in aromatherapy can be viewed here -- Unused Essential Oils In Aromatherapy
 


 
Cumin Seed -- Cuminum cyminum   aka:  Cuminum odorum
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Apiales, Family: Apiaceae, Genus: Cuminum L.   Specie: Cuminum cyminum  L.
Etymology:  Cuminum - An aromatic herb         cyminum - Cumin seed
 From: Egypt  Mediteranean  USA 
 Recommended Dilution: High Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Annual
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 50 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Seeds
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Phototoxic(mild)     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)
Properties: 
Analgesic   Tonic-neuro  
Oil Constituents
Cymene  Limonene  Phellandrene 

Open Source PDF Documents for Cumin Seed
 
1. Antimicrobial and Synergistic Effects of some Essential Oils to Fight Pathogens
2. Cumin Seed - Chemical Compositions, Antiviral and Antioxidant Activities
 
3. Mosquito Knock-down and Adulticidal Activities of Essential Oils by Various Methods


 
Cypress -- Cupressus sempervirens Latin AliasOleum Cupressi
   
 
Div: Coniferophyta, Class: Pinopsida, Order: Pinales, Family: Cupressaceae, Genus: Cupressus L.   Specie: Cupressus sempervirens  L.
Etymology:  Cupressus - The cypress         sempervirens - Always green
From: Mediteranean U.S. Growth Region: None
 Recommended Dilution: Low Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Saturn   Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yin     Element: Earth Plant Height: 30-35 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: Protection   Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 144-146° F      Plant Part: Leaves/Twigs
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Sweet Resinous Scent
Approaches: 
Compress  Diffuser  Sauna  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Avoid-if-have-Estrogen-Dependant-Cancers     Breast-Cancer(Avoid-if-have-Breast-Cancer)     Glaucoma(Avoid-if-have-Glaucoma)     Internal-Use-May-Plug-Kidney-Tubules     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)     Prostate-Cancer(Avoid-if-have-Prostate-Cancer)
Health Uses: 
Body Odor   Cellulite   Colds   Hemorrhoids   Insomnia   Menstration (Dysmenorrhoea)   Menstration (Menorrhagia)   Urinary Tract Infections   Varicose Veins  
Properties: 
Anti-bacterial   Anti-fungal   Anti-infectious   Anti-parasitic   Anti-rheumatic   Anti-septic-general   Anti-spasmodic   Astringent   Decongestant   Deodorant   Diuretic   Healing   Sedative  
Oil Constituents
α-Thujone 

Addendum(s)
 Note
Cypress is known historically with helping deal with the concept of death and dying. Egyptian coffins were often made with Cypress wood and Cypress trees can often be found in cemeteries.

Open Source PDF Documents for Cypress
 
1. Antimicrobial and Synergistic Effects of some Essential Oils to Fight Pathogens
2. Chemical and Antimicrobial Studies of Cupressus sempervirens
3. Chemical Composition of Oils of Jambul, Cypress and Lantana
4. Chemical Constituents of Cupressus sempervirens L. Essential Oils
 
5. Essential Oils and Hypertension
6. Evaluation of the Antibacterial Activity of a Sizable Set of Essential Oils
7. Immunological and Psychological Benefits of Aromatherapy Massage


 
Cypress (Blue) -- Callitris intratropica
   
 
Div: Coniferophyta, Class: Pinopsida, Order: Pinales, Family: Cupressaceae, Genus: Callitris Vent.   Specie: Callitris intratropica  R.T.Baker & H.G.Sm.
From: Australia 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Base Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 5-15m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life:  Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Leaves/Branches
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)
Properties: 
Anti-inflammatory   Anti-viral  

Open Source PDF Document for Cypress (Blue): 
1. Blue Cypress


 
Davana -- Artemisia pallens    ---      Extracted oil from this plant is not used in aromatherapy.  

 This oil is used in the perfume industry and has the unique characteristic of having a variable scent depending upon the person who is wearing it. The oil has been used throughout history in India for worshiping the Lord Shiva. It is said to grow throughout India and can often be found near Sandalwood trees.

As far as I can tell, this oil is not often used in aromatherapy although some say that it is anti-bacterial, anti-viral, and it improves hormonal balance.

A list of other oils which should not be used in aromatherapy can be viewed here -- Unused Essential Oils In Aromatherapy
 


 
Deer Tongue -- Carphephorus odoratissimus    ---      Extracted oil from this plant is not used in aromatherapy.  

 Currently I am unable to find specific details as to why this oil is on several people's "Don't Touch It!" list. Many sources do not give any reason whatsoever while some sources simply say "It's too toxic." or "Never use it." or "I would never have it in my house."

There are a number of oils that appear to be in a "Grey Area" category. For example, I have noticed that some authors will shy away from Cedar Leaf and Mugwort claiming that they are "Too toxic for use in aromatherapy". Then, 4 other books will go on to explain all of the uses for Cedar Leaf and Mugwort. Likely the cause for concern with these two particular oils is Thujone. Whether or not the author then goes on to talk about Thujone, this particular cause for concern is a valid one. Many sources are void of any reasons that explain why a particular oil should be avoided. Occasionally, one source here or there will even contradict itself within the same document saying that it is toxic on one page and its used for __________ on another page.

Two things seem consistent, however.

 1.  Several different book authors agree that this oil should not be used in aromatherapy.
 2. Often, merchants who have this oil listed for sale either ignore all of the warnings, don't know about them, or explain how their particular oil is somehow special and not toxic.

Erring on the side of safety, this oil will stay on my Unused list unless future information can convince me otherwise. If you are interested in some purported property or health benefit from this particular oil, consider using a different oil - we've got plenty.

Unraveling the mysteries of the Unused is a path of brambles. The search for answers continues.

A list of other oils which should not be used in aromatherapy can be viewed here -- Unused Essential Oils In Aromatherapy
 


 
Dill Seed -- Anethum graveolens Latin AliasOleum Anethi
French NameAneth  German NameDillsamen  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Apiales, Family: Apiaceae, Genus: Anethum L.   Specie: Anethum graveolens  L.
Etymology:  Anethum - Dill or anise         graveolens - Heavily scented
 From: England  Germany  India  Mediteranean  New Zealand  Portugal  Spain  Tasmania  USA 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Top Astral Bodies: Mercury  Moon   Plant Catagory: Annual
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yang     Element: Air Plant Height: 20-50 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: Love  Lust  Money   Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Seeds
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Epilepsy(Avoid-if-you-have-epilepsy)     Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Health Uses: 
Hair Follicle Mites   Obesity   Water Retention  
Properties: 
Anti-bacterial   Anti-catarrh  
Oil Constituents
Carvone  Eugenol  Limonene  Myristicin  Pinene 

Abstract: 
Two pounds of seeds will produce about 1 ounce of essential oil.

Addendum(s)
 Plant Growing Tips
Sow the seeds outside in late spring (after frost has past), in semi-rich soil with regular water and partial sun. Harvest seeds every 6 to 8 weeks for use in cooking, as a fermenting agent, potpourri, or essential oil distillation.

Open Source PDF Documents for Dill Seed
 
1. A Review on Antidermatophytic Efficiency of Plant Essential Oils
2. Antifungal Investigations on Plant Essential Oils. A Review
3. Antimicrobial and Antiviral Effects of Essential Oils from Apiaceae and Lamiaceae
4. Antioxidant Property of Volatile Oils Determined by the Ferric Reducing Ability
5. Bioactive Potential of Dill, Fennel, and Ajowan
 
6. Essential Oils as Modifiers of Rumen Microbial Fermentation
7. In Vitro and in Vivo Killing of Ocular Demodex by Tea Tree Oil
8. Screening of the Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of Eight Essential Oils
9. The New Zealand Essential Oil Industry: Its Past, Present and Future


 
Elecampane -- Inula graveolens   aka:  Inula odorata
French NameAunée  German NameAlantwurzel  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Asterales, Family: Asteraceae, Genus: Inula L.   Specie: Inula graveolens  L.
Etymology:  Inula - A corruption of Hellenium         graveolens - Heavily scented
 From: England  India  Nova Scotia  Sweden  USA 
 Recommended Dilution: High Note: Top Astral Bodies: Mercury  Sun  Uranus   Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yang     Element: Air Plant Height: 1-2 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers:  Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point     Clairvoyance  Love  Protection   Plant Part: Leaves/Branches
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches: 
Diffuser  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Keep-Away-From-Children     Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Health Uses: 
Colds   Coughs   Heart Irregularity   Herpes   Laryngitis   Rashes   Sinus Infections  
Properties: 
Anti-septic-general   Stimulant-immune-system   Stimulant-lymph  
Oil Constituents
Inuline 

Addendum(s)
 Plant Growing Tips
Sow the seeds outside in late spring (after frost has past), in full sun.


 
Elecampane Root -- Inula helenium   aka:  Inula racemosa
French NameRacine de Aunée  German NameAlantwurzel  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Asterales, Family: Asteraceae, Genus: Inula L.   Specie: Inula helenium  L.
Etymology:  Inula - A corruption of Hellenium         helenium - Named by Linnaeus after Helen of Troy
 From: England  India  Nova Scotia  Sweden  USA 
 Recommended Dilution: High Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yang     Element: Air Plant Height: 1-2 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Root
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Keep-Away-From-Children     Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Properties: 
Diuretic   Emmenagogues  
Oil Constituents
Helenine  Inuline 

Abstract: 
Essential oil from the roots of this plant should be obtained from plants not more than 2 or 3 years old for maximum medicinal value.

Addendum(s)
 Plant Growing Tips
Sow the seeds outside in late spring (after frost has past), in full sun.


 
Elemi -- Canarium luzonicum   aka:  Canarium indicum
French NameRésine Elémi  German NameElemiharz  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Sapindales, Family: Burseraceae, Genus: Canarium L.   Specie: Canarium luzonicum  Blume
From: Philippines 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: Middle-Top Polarity     Element Plant Height: 20-30 m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 122-124° F      Plant Part: Gum
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Soft Resinous Scent
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Emotional States: 
Depression
Properties: 
Anti-catarrh   Anti-depressant   Anti-infectious   Anti-septic-general  
Oil Constituents
Elemicin (3.7%-4.4%)
Elemol (11.6%-12%)
Eudesmol (0.5%-0.6%)
Limonene (52.6%-52.8%)
β-Myrcene (1%)
Para-cymene (0.9%-1.5%)
α-Phellandrene (13.6%-14.1%)
β-Phellandrene (1.8%-2.1%)
α-Pinene (0.3%)
Sabinene (4.2%-4.6%)
α-Terpinene (0.3%)
γ-Terpinene (0.2%-0.3%)
α-Terpineol (2.1%-2.3%)
Terpinolene (1%)

Abstract: 
Commonly known as "The poor mans Frankincense".


 
Eucalyptus (Citriodora) -- Eucalyptus citriodora   aka:  Corymbia citriodora
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Myrtales, Family: Myrtaceae, Genus: Eucalyptus L Her.   Specie: Eucalyptus citriodora  Hook. F.
Etymology:  Eucalyptus - Well covered, referring to the calyx that forms a lid over the flowers in bud         citriodora - Smells like lemon
 From: Australia  China  Tasmania 
 Recommended Dilution: Low Note: Top Astral Bodies: Moon  Pluto   Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yin     Element: Air Plant Height: 40-50 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 125-127° F      Plant Part: Leaves
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Light Citrusy Scent
Approaches: 
Candles  Chest Rub  Compress  Diffuser  Sauna  Tissue  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)     Urinary-Tracts(Can-Caution-Irritation)
Health Uses: 
Body Odor  
Properties: 
Anti-bacterial   Anti-biotic   Anti-catarrh   Anti-fungal   Anti-infectious   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-septic-general   Anti-viral   Deodorant   Disinfectant   Healing   Insecticidal  
Oil Constituents
β-Caryophyllene (0.9%-1.6%)
1,8 Cineole
Citronellal (62%-79.3%)
Citronellol (4.6%-8.8%)
Citronellyl acetate (0.4%-2%)
Citronellyl butyrate (0%-1.5%)
Geraniol
Pinene
Deters These Pests: 
Mosquitoes

Addendum(s)
 Note
According to Plant-based Insect Repellents: A Review of their Efficacy, Development and Testing, Eucalyptus Citriodora hydrosol is a much more effective mosquito repellent than the essential oil.

Varieties
There are currently over 500 known varities of Eucalyptus! An October 1904 report produced by the Shimmel Company (Germany) lists 109 essential oils produced from various species of Eucalyptus. (Schimmel & Co. Semi-Annual Report - 1904 Oct  pdf pg. 32)

Open Source PDF Documents for Eucalyptus (Citriodora)
 
1. Analgesic and Anti-inflammatory Effects of Essential Oils of Eucalyptus
2. Antifungal Activities and Chemical Compositions of Four Eucalypts
3. Antimicrobial and Synergistic Effects of some Essential Oils to Fight Pathogens
4. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils of Four Eucalyptus Species from Epgyt
5. Essential Oils as Anti-Protozoal Agents
6. Essential Oils as Novel Human Skin Penetration Enhancer - Transdermal Drug Delivery
7. Essential Oils Isolated from Myrtaceae Family as Natural Insecticides
8. Eucalypts of Tasmania and their Essential Oils
 
9. Evaluation of Anti-Mosquito Properties of Essential Oils
10. Extraction of Essential oil from Eucalyptus Leaves as Antibacterial on Fabric
11. Factors Influencing the Yield and Quality of Oil from Eucalyptus citriodora
12. Immune-Modifying and Antimicrobial Effects of Eucalyptus Oil
13. Insect Repellent Activity of Medicinal Plant Oils Against Mosquitoes
14. Plant-based Insect Repellents: A Review of their Efficacy and Testing
15. The Good Oil: Eucalyptus Oil Distilleries in Australia


 
Eucalyptus (Dives) -- Eucalyptus dives   aka:  Eucalyptus piperita
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Myrtales, Family: Myrtaceae, Genus: Eucalyptus L Her.   Specie: Eucalyptus dives  Schauer
Etymology:  Eucalyptus - Well covered, referring to the calyx that forms a lid over the flowers in bud         dives - Rich
 From: Australia  China  Tasmania 
 Recommended Dilution: Low Note: Top Astral Bodies: Moon  Saturn   Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yin     Element: Earth Plant Height: 40-50 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Leaves
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches: 
Sauna  Tissue  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)     Urinary-Tracts(Can-Caution-Irritation)
Health Uses: 
Arthritis (Rheumatoid)   Colic  
Properties: 
Healing  
Oil Constituents
1,8 Cineole  Cryptone 

Addendum(s)
 Varieties
There are currently over 500 known varities of Eucalyptus! An October 1904 report produced by the Shimmel Company (Germany) lists 109 essential oils produced from various species of Eucalyptus. (Schimmel & Co. Semi-Annual Report - 1904 Oct  pdf pg. 32)

Open Source PDF Documents for Eucalyptus (Dives)
 
1. Essential Oils as Novel Human Skin Penetration Enhancer - Transdermal Drug Delivery
2. Essential Oils Isolated from Myrtaceae Family as Natural Insecticides
 
3. Eucalypts of Tasmania and their Essential Oils
4. The Good Oil: Eucalyptus Oil Distilleries in Australia


 
Eucalyptus (Globulus) -- Eucalyptus globulus Latin AliasOleum Eucalypti
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Myrtales, Family: Myrtaceae, Genus: Eucalyptus L Her.   Specie: Eucalyptus globulus  Labill.
Etymology:  Eucalyptus - Well covered, referring to the calyx that forms a lid over the flowers in bud         globulus - Like a globe
 From: Australia  Brazil  China  Spain  Tasmania 
 Recommended Dilution: Low Note: Top Astral Bodies: Moon  Saturn   Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yin     Element: Water Plant Height: 40-50 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 7 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 130-132° F      Plant Part: Leaves/Twigs
 Specific Gravity: 0.910 - 0.930Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Light Resinous Scent
Approaches: 
Bath  Chest Rub  Compress  Diffuser  Humidifier  Sauna  Tissue  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Epilepsy(Avoid-if-you-have-epilepsy)     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)     Urinary-Tracts(Can-Caution-Irritation)
Health Uses: 
Asthma   Bleeding Gums   Body Odor   Bronchitis   Candida   Cholera   Colds   Coughs   Cystitis   Diabetes   Diarrhea   Dyspepsia   Emphysema   Fever   Gallstones   Heatstroke   Herpes   Lice   Malaria   Measles   Migraines   Muscle Soreness   Respiratory Infections   Respiratory Tract Infections   Rheumatism   Scarlet Fever   Sinus Infections   Sunburns   Tuberculosis   Typhoid Fever   Ulcers   Whooping Cough   Wounds  
Properties: 
Analgesic   Anti-bacterial   Anti-biotic   Anti-catarrh   Anti-fungal   Anti-infectious   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-parasitic   Anti-rheumatic   Anti-septic-general   Decongestant   Deodorant   Diuretic   Expectorant   Healing   Stimulant-immune-system   Vulnerary  
Oil Constituents
1,8 Cineole  Pinocarvone 

Addendum(s)
 Varieties
There are currently over 500 known varities of Eucalyptus! An October 1904 report produced by the Shimmel Company (Germany) lists 109 essential oils produced from various species of Eucalyptus. (Schimmel & Co. Semi-Annual Report - 1904 Oct  pdf pg. 32)

Open Source PDF Documents for Eucalyptus (Globulus)
 
1. A Review on Antidermatophytic Efficiency of Plant Essential Oils
2. Analgesic and Anti-inflammatory Effects of Essential Oils of Eucalyptus
3. Analysis of Constituents and Antibacterial Activity of Eucalyptus globulus
4. Antibacterial Activity of Leaf Essential Oils of Eucalyptus
5. Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils and their Synergy with Fluconazole
6. Antimicrobial and Synergistic Effects of some Essential Oils to Fight Pathogens
7. Antimicrobial Effect of Essential Oil Isolated from Eucalyptus globulus
8. Antioxidant Property of Volatile Oils Determined by the Ferric Reducing Ability
9. Aromatherapy in Pregnancy
10. Chemical Composition, Antioxidant, Cytotoxic Effects of Eucalyptus globulus
11. Comparative Sporicidal Effects of Volatile Oils
12. Das Verhalten der Bacterien des Fleischwassers gegen einige Antiseptica
13. Essential Oils as Novel Human Skin Penetration Enhancer - Transdermal Drug Delivery
14. Essential Oils as Therapeutics
15. Essential Oils Isolated from Myrtaceae Family as Natural Insecticides
16. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties
17. Eucalypts of Tasmania and their Essential Oils
 
18. Eucalyptus Essential Oil and Immune System Response
19. Evaluation of the Antibacterial Activity of a Sizable Set of Essential Oils
20. Extraction of Essential oil from Eucalyptus Leaves as Antibacterial on Fabric
21. Immune-Modifying and Antimicrobial Effects of Eucalyptus Oil
22. In vitro Antibacterial Activity of Some Plant Essential Oils
23. Liquid and Vapour Phase Antibacterial Activity of Eucalyptus globulus Oil
24. Olivia's Essential Oils Guide for Dummies
25. Pharmaceutical and Therapeutic Potentials of Essential Oils
26. Plant Antimicrobial Agents and their Synergistic Interaction Against Pathogens
27. Quality assessment of the essential oil from Eucalyptus globulus
28. Repellent Activities of Essential Oils and Monoterpenes Against Mosquitoes
29. Role of Volatile Oil of Natural Source in the Cosmetics and Health Care Industries
30. Study on the Chemical Constituents of Eucalyptus globulus from China
31. Susceptibilities of Candida albicans Mouth Isolates to Antifungal Agents
32. The Good Oil: Eucalyptus Oil Distilleries in Australia
33. The Role of Essential Oils in the Treatment and Management of ADHD
34. The Susceptibility of E. coli to Rosemary and Eucalyptus


 
Eucalyptus (Lemon) -- Eucalyptus citriodora   aka:  Corymbia citriodora  --- Please see Eucalyptus (Citriodora)
 


 
Eucalyptus (Peppermint) -- Eucalyptus piperita   aka:  Eucalyptus dives  --- Please see Eucalyptus (Dives)
 Note: Be aware that "Peppermint Eucalyptus" from Eucalyptus piperita is commonly used in consumer products and veterinary supplies . Be very cautious of any product with the label Eucalyptus x piperita as such a product is a suspicious "essential oil" and likely synthetic.
 


 
Eucalyptus (Radiata) -- Eucalyptus radiata
French NameEucalyptus Radiata  German NameEukalyptusöl Radiata  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Myrtales, Family: Myrtaceae, Genus: Eucalyptus L Her.   Specie: Eucalyptus radiata  Sieber ex DC.
Etymology:  Eucalyptus - Well covered, referring to the calyx that forms a lid over the flowers in bud         radiata - Spoke like, radiating
 From: Australia  Tasmania 
 Recommended Dilution: Low Note: Top Astral Bodies: Moon  Saturn   Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yin     Element: Earth Plant Height: 40-50 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 7 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe (Diluted) Oil Flash Point: 118-120° F      Plant Part: Leaves
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image Soft Resinous Scent
Approaches: 
Bath  Chest Rub  Diffuser  Humidifier  Sauna  Tissue  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)     Urinary-Tracts(Can-Caution-Irritation)
Health Uses: 
Acne   Asthma   Bronchitis   Colds   Coughs   Cystitis   Headaches   Herpes   Rosacea   Sore Throats   Vaginal Infections   Viruses   Whooping Cough  
Properties: 
Anti-bacterial   Anti-biotic   Anti-catarrh   Anti-fungal   Anti-infectious   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-septic-general   Anti-viral   Decongestant   Expectorant   Healing   Stimulant-immune-system  
Oil Constituents
1,8 Cineole (77%-95%)   Limonene (1%)   β-Myrcene (0.3%-1.4%)   α-Pinene (0.6%-3.4%)   β-Pinene (0.8%-1.9%)   Terpinen-4-ol (0%-1.5%)   α-Terpineol (1.2%-7.5%)  

Addendum(s)
 Varieties
There are currently over 500 known varities of Eucalyptus! An October 1904 report produced by the Shimmel Company (Germany) lists 109 essential oils produced from various species of Eucalyptus. (Schimmel & Co. Semi-Annual Report - 1904 Oct  pdf pg. 32)

Open Source PDF Documents for Eucalyptus (Radiata)
 
1. Antibacterial Activity of Essential Oils Against Respiratory Tract Pathogens
2. Aromatherapy in Pregnancy
3. Das Verhalten der Bacterien des Fleischwassers gegen einige Antiseptica
4. Essential Oils as Novel Human Skin Penetration Enhancer - Transdermal Drug Delivery
5. Essential Oils Isolated from Myrtaceae Family as Natural Insecticides
6. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties
 
7. Eucalypts of Tasmania and their Essential Oils
8. Evaluation of the Antibacterial Activity of a Sizable Set of Essential Oils
9. Immune-Modifying and Antimicrobial Effects of Eucalyptus Oil
10. The Good Oil: Eucalyptus Oil Distilleries in Australia
11. The Role of Essential Oils in the Treatment and Management of ADHD


 
Everlasting -- Helichrysum italicum  --- Please see Helichrysum
 

  Oils A-B      Oils C-E      Oils F-J      Oils K-N      Oils O-R      Oils S-Z  
Home
  Reference SourcesLast Update ☆ ~~ Jan 3, 2017   Home

  ~  The Recommended Fine Print  ~
All information, suggestions, and opinions shown on this website are for educational purposes only and do not replace
medical advice nor are they intended to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent any disease or health problems.
I am NOT a doctor and never, ever want to be one!         I am not responsible for any of your health choices!
Information given here has not been evaluated by the US FDA nor by any other U.S. governing body to the
best of my knowledge nor does it replace the advice of any licensed health-care professional.
Your health is your responsibility!!   Peace out.   ~ Jonn ☆ ~~