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  Fennel
Fennel (Sea)
Fennel Flower
Fingerroot
Fir (American Silver)
Fir (Douglas)
Fir (Siberian)
Fragonia
Frangipani
Frankincense
Frankincense (Indian)
 Gaiac
Galanga
Galbanum
Garlic
Geranium
Geranium (Bourbon Type)
Geranium (East Indian)
Geranium (Mint)
Geranium (Rose)
Ghandi Root
Ginger
 Ginger (Chinese)
Ginger (Green)
Ginger (White)
Ginger Lily (White)
Golpar
Grapefruit
Grapefruit Seed
Guaiacwood
Guggul
Gurjum Balsam
Helichrysum
 Heliotrope
Henna
Henna (Black)
Heracleum
Ho Leaf
Hop Flower
Horsemint
Horsemint (American)
Horseradish
Hyssop
Iary
 Immortelle
Inula
Jaborandi
Jamrosa
Japanese Citron
Jasmine
Juniper Berry
Juniper Tar
 

  Oils A-B      Oils C-E      Oils F-J      Oils K-N      Oils O-R      Oils S-Z  

 
Fennel -- Foeniculum vulgare Latin AliasOleum Foeniculi
French NameFenouil  Spanish NameDil  German NameFenchel  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Apiales, Family: Apiaceae, Genus: Foeniculum L.   Specie: Foeniculum vulgare  Mill.
Etymology:  Foeniculum - Latin foenum - hay         vulgare - Common
 From: Asia  Europe  India  Japan  Mediteranean  Russia  Tasmania  Turkey  USA U.S. Growth Region: 3-4
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Mercury   Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: Middle-Top Polarity: Yang     Element: Fire Plant Height: 20-50 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers:  Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 137-139° F     Protection  Purification   Plant Part: Seeds
 Specific Gravity: 0.960 - 0.980Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image Sweet or Warm Resinous Scent
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Breast-Cancer(Avoid-if-have-Breast-Cancer)     Cummulative-Effects     Epilepsy(Avoid-if-you-have-epilepsy)     Keep-Away-From-Children     Narcotic-in-High-Doses     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Phototoxic(mild)     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)
Health Uses: 
Bruises   Cellulite   Cystitis   Flatulence   Infertility (Female)   Menstration (Amenorrhoea)   Menstration (PMS)   Nausea   Obesity   Water Retention  
Emotional States: 
Stress (Physical)
Properties: 
Anti-bacterial   Anti-catarrh   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-microbial   Anti-parasitic  
Oil Constituents
Anethole  1,8 Cineole  Coumarines  Fenchol  Limonene  Methyl chavicol 

Folklore: 
Egyptians and Romans believed that fennel represented courage, strength, and longevity. A garland made of fennel was often a gift to victorious warriors.

Addendum(s)
 Plant Growing Tips
Sow the seeds outside in late spring (after frost has past), 18 inches apart in alkaline soil with full sun. Harvest leaves for teas, cooking, potpourri, or essential oil distillation.

Open Source PDF Documents for Fennel
 
1. Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils Against Respiratory Tract Pathogens
2. Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils and their Synergy with Fluconazole
3. Antifungal Investigations on Plant Essential Oils. A Review
4. Antimicrobial and Antiviral Effects of Essential Oils from Apiaceae and Lamiaceae
5. Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities of Fennel, German Chamomile
6. Antioxidant Property of Volatile Oils Determined by the Ferric Reducing Ability
7. Assessment Report on Foeniculum vulgare
8. Bioactive Potential of Dill, Fennel, and Ajowan
9. Chemical Composition, Antimicrobial Activities of Essential Oils of Fennel
10. Comparative Antimicrobial Activity of Clove and Fennel Essential Oils
11. Comparative Sporicidal Effects of Volatile Oils
 
12. Composition and Antimicrobial Properties of EO of Foeniculum vulgare
13. Essential Oils and Hypertension
14. Essential Oils as Novel Human Skin Penetration Enhancer - Transdermal Drug Delivery
15. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties
16. Menopause: Essential Oils Vs. Traditional Allopathic Medicine
17. Optimising Fertility with Essential Oils
18. Potential Herbs and its Phytoconstituents Against Fungal Infection
19. Screening of the Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of Eight Essential Oils
20. The Chemical Profile of Essential Oils Obtained from Fennel Fruits
21. The New Zealand Essential Oil Industry: Its Past, Present and Future


 
Fennel (Sea) -- Crithmum maritimum  --- Please see Rock Samphire
 


 
Fennel Flower -- Nigella sativa  --- Please see Black Cumin
 Note: Fennel Flower is more commonly known as Black Cumin which is sometimes referred to as an essential oil but the size and type of its molecules more closely classify it as a carrier oil. Black Cumin oil is also sometimes referred to as Roman Coriander, Black Caraway, Nutmeg Flower, or Blackseed.
 


 
Fingerroot -- Boesenbergia rotunda   aka:  Boesenbergia pandurata
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Zingiberales, Family: Zingiberaceae, Genus: Boesenbergia L.   Specie: Boesenbergia rotunda  L.
From: Thailand 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 100-150 cm
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Root
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Health Uses: 
Dysentery   Tonsillitis  

Open Source PDF Document for Fingerroot: 
1. Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Plants from the Ginger Family, Zingiberaceae


 
Fir (American Silver) -- Abies balsamea
   
 
Div: Coniferophyta, Class: Pinopsida, Order: Pinales, Family: Pinaceae, Genus: Abies Mill.   Specie: Abies balsamea  Mill.
Etymology:  Abies - Rising one - (classical name for firs)         balsamea - Balsam producing
 From: Canada  USA 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge Polarity     Element Plant Height: 3-4m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life:  Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Resin
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Not-For-Internal-Consumption

Abstract: 
This oil is actually a turpentine and often called Canadian Turpentine.

Open Source PDF Document for Fir (American Silver): 
1. Evaluation of the Antibacterial Activity of a Sizable Set of Essential Oils


 
Fir (Douglas) -- Pseudotsuga douglasii   aka:  Pseudotsuga menziesii
   
 
Div: Coniferophyta, Class: Pinopsida, Order: Pinales, Family: Pinaceae, Genus: Pseudotsuga Lindl.   Specie: Pseudotsuga douglasii  Sabine ex D. Don
From: Canada  Mexico  USA U.S. Growth Region: 2-3-4
 Recommended Dilution: High Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 3-5 m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Needles
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Not-For-Internal-Consumption


 
Fir (Siberian) -- Abies sibirica Latin AliasOleum Abies Sibirica
   
 
Div: Coniferophyta, Class: Pinopsida, Order: Pinales, Family: Pinaceae, Genus: Abies Mill.   Specie: Abies sibirica  Mill.
From: China  Mongolia  Russia U.S. Growth Region: 2-3-4
 Recommended Dilution: High Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 3-5 m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Needles
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Not-For-Internal-Consumption


 
Fragonia -- Agonis fragrans
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Myrtales, Family: Myrtaceae, Genus: Agonis (DC.) Sweet   Specie: Agonis fragrans  J.R. Wheeler
From: Australia 
 Recommended Dilution: Low Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Shrub
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 3m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life:  Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Flowers
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)
Health Uses: 
Colds   Sore Throats  
Properties: 
Analgesic   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-microbial   Anti-viral   Expectorant  

Open Source PDF Document for Fragonia: 
1. The Essential Oil of Fragonia


 
Frangipani -- Plumeria rubra
French NamePlumeria  German NamePlumeriablüthen  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Gentianales, Family: Apocynaceae, Genus: Plumeria L.   Specie: Plumeria rubra  L.
From: C. America  Columbia  France  India  Mexico  Venezuela U.S. Growth Region: None
Recommended Dilution: High Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 7-8 m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: CO2,C/P,S/E
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Flowers
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches: 
Diffuser  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)
Properties: 
Anti-inflammatory   Aphrodisiac   Astringent   Sedative  

Addendum(s)
 Caution
Frangipani perfume is sometimes produced by mixing Sandalwood, Sage, Neroli, Orris Root, and Musk. Frangipani essential oil is produced directly from Plumeria rubra.

Open Source PDF Document for Frangipani: 
1. Chemical Components of the Oils of Three Species of Malaysian Plumeria L.


 
Frankincense -- Boswellia carterii   aka:  Boswellia thurifera , Boswellia serrata Latin AliasOleum Boswellia Thurifera
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Sapindales, Family: Burseraceae, Genus: Boswellia Roxb.   Specie: Boswellia carterii  Roxb. Ex Colebr.
Etymology:  Boswellia - An important genus of incense-bearing trees, named after James Boswell         carterii - Named after Professor Carter (Egyptologist)
From: Arabia  China  Ethiopia  India  Oman  Saudi Arabia  Somalia  Yemen U.S. Growth Region: None
Recommended Dilution: Low Note: Base Astral Bodies: Sun   Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: Base-Middle Polarity: Yang     Element: Fire Plant Height: 2-8 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 3 yrs Magical Powers:  Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 138-140° F     Clairvoyance  Protection   Plant Part: Resin
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Light Resinous Scent
Approaches: 
Bath  Candles  Compress  Diffuser  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-First-Trimester)
Health Uses: 
Arthritis (Osteo)   Arthritis (Rheumatoid)   Asthma   Cancer (Bladder)   Diarrhea   Facial Skin (Oily)   Facial Skin (Wrinkles)   Hemorrhoids   Menstration (Amenorrhoea)   Miscarriage   Muscle Pain   Scars   Scrapes   Ulcers   Varicose Veins  
Emotional States: 
Depression
Properties: 
Analgesic   Anti-catarrh   Anti-depressant   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-microbial   Anti-septic-general   Fixative   Nervine  
Oil Constituents
Boswellic acid
Camphene (0.4%-0.6%)
β-Caryophyllene (2.3%-4.4%)
α-Copanene (0.6%-1.3%)
Germacrene D (0.3%-1.4%)
α-Humulene (0%-1.3%)
Limonene (8.5%-18.9%)
β-Myrcene (4.9%-7.7%)
Para-cymene (4.1%-5.1%)
α-Phellandrene (1.2%-3.3%)
β-Phellandrene (0.4%-0.8%)
α-Pinene (21.8%-30%)
β-Pinene (0.9%-1.6%)
Sabinene (5%-6.8%)
Terpinen-4-ol (0.1%-1.4%)
γ-Terpinene (0.2%-0.6%)
α-Thuyene (1.5%-23.8%)

Abstract: 
It is often said that the finest Frankincense oil comes from Ethiopia and Somalia. The tree trunks are marked with cuts from which tear-drop shaped resin beads exude. The resin is then collected and steam distilled to extract the oil. The collection of resin beads has gone on for hundreds/thousands of years and is well illustrated in this vintage woodcut.

Boswellic acid is a key component in Frankincense making it invaluable for helping patients with arthritic conditions. In India and China practitioners have used Frankincense for generations as an excellent anti-inflammatory pain killer. Boswellic acid is one of the most powerful anti-inflammatory pain killers (analgesics) known to man.

Addendum(s)
 Common Name Etymology
Frankincense is a French word meaning "pure incense".

Open Source PDF Documents for Frankincense
 
1. A Brief on the Use of Essential Oils with Traditional Chinese Medicine
2. A Novel Method to Estimate the Contribution of the Vapor Activity of Essential Oils
3. Antibacterial Activity of Oleo-gum Resins
4. Blessed by Essential Oils - Simple Guidelines and Uses of Essential Oils
5. Essential Oils Then and Now - Biblical References
6. Evaluation of Aromatherapy in Institutional Elder Care Settings
7. Evaluation of the Antibacterial Activity of a Sizable Set of Essential Oils
 
8. Frankincense & Myrrh: A Gift of Tree History
9. Frankincense & Myrrh: Were the "Wise Men" on to Something?
10. Frankincense and Myrrh Resources of Ethiopia
11. Frankincense and Myrrh: The World's Two Most Important Resins
12. Frankincense Oil Induces Tumor Cell Specific Cytotoxicity
13. The Role of Essential Oils in the Treatment and Management of ADHD


 
Frankincense (Indian) -- Boswellia serrata  --- Please see Frankincense
 Note: This particular type of Frankincense is less expensive yet still very effective in treating the conditions listed for regular Frankincense and Indian Frankincense (aka Boswellia) has been used for hundreds of years in Tradional Chinese Medicine.
 


 
Gaiac -- Guaiacum officinale   aka:  Guaiacum sanctum
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Sapindales, Family: Zygophyllaceae, Genus: Guaiacum L.   Specie: Guaiacum officinale  L.
From: Argentina  C. America  Jamaica  Paraguay  USA 
 Recommended Dilution: High Note: Base Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge Polarity: Yin     Element Plant Height: 7 m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life:  Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Bark
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Always-Dilute     Use-Sparingly     Use-With-Extreme-Caution
Health Uses: 
Gout   Syphilis  

Abstract: 
This oil is very viscous and will be in a solid form at room temperature. The oil should be brown in color. Some sources suggest that this oil should only be used under the guidance of a knowledgeable practitioner. In addition, Daniele Ryman (Aromatherapy: The Complete Guide to Plant and Flower Essences for Health and Beauty  pg. 115) states, "As the oil has a hard consistency, it must first be dissolved. The provenance of the oil, too - the certainty that it is unadulterated - is vital, as treatment could be disastrous. The age and sensitivity of the patient have to be taken into consideration, and the dosage is very important. Research done by Dr. Perrot in 1971 found that doses that were too large could provoke colitis, enteritis, heavy bleeding in women, and severe dehydration as a consequence of heavy sweating."


 
Galanga -- Alpinia galanga   aka:  Alpinia officinarum Latin AliasOleum Galangae
French NameEssence de Galanga  German NameGalgantöl  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Zingiberales, Family: Zingiberaceae, Genus: Alpinia Roxb.   Specie: Alpinia galanga  L.
Etymology:  Alpinia - In honor of Prospero Alpini (1533-1617)         galanga - Chinese liang-jiang - mild ginger, excellent ginger
 From: India  Indonesia  Malaysia  Thailand U.S. Growth Region: None
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Mars   Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge Polarity: Yang     Element: Fire Plant Height: 20-30 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers:  Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point     Clairvoyance  Luck  Lust   Plant Part: Rhizomes
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Health Uses: 
Flatulence   Rheumatism   Sore Throats  
Properties: 
Aphrodisiac   Psychedelic   Stimulant-general  
Oil Constituents
1,8 Cineole 
Deters These Pests: 
Mosquitoes

Folklore: 
In Indonesia the bulberous root or rhizome is often used in "Jamus". Aphrodisiac type Jamus are popular herbal drinks for health, strength, and rejuvenation of the sexual organs.

Addendum(s)
 Restrictions
This plant may currently be prohibited for export by the Government of India.

Open Source PDF Documents for Galanga
 
1. Antimicrobial Activity of Cinnamon, Clove and Galangal Essential Oils
2. Antimicrobial, Antioxidant Activities and Chemical Composition of Thai Spices
3. Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Alpinia officinarum
 
4. Mosquito Repellents in Thailand
5. Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Plants from the Ginger Family, Zingiberaceae


 
Galbanum -- Ferula galbaniflua   aka:  Ferula gummosa
French NameGalbanum  German NameMutterharz  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Apiales, Family: Apiaceae, Genus: Ferula L.   Specie: Ferula galbaniflua  Boiss.
From: Iran  Lebanon  Madagascar  S. Africa U.S. Growth Region: None
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: Middle-Top Polarity     Element Plant Height: 1-2 m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 137-139° F      Plant Part: Gum
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Deep Earthy Scent
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Phototoxic(mild)     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-First-Trimester)
Health Uses: 
Asthma   Bronchitis   Colic   Coughs   Facial Skin (Wrinkles)   Flatulence   Indigestion   Rosacea   Wrinkled Skin  
Properties: 
Anti-catarrh   Anti-infectious   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-microbial   Emmenagogues   Expectorant   Fixative  
Oil Constituents
δ-3-Carene (10%)
β-Caryophyllene (0.5%)
Coumarines
Germacrene A (1%)
Germacrene D (0.3%)
β-Myrcene (2%)
β-Phellandrene (2%)
α-Pinene (7%)
β-Pinene (46%)
Sabinene (1%)
Terpinyl acetate (0.3%)

Folklore: 
This oil has been used historically as a sacred incense during church ceremonies. It was also used in the embalming process in ancient Egypt. Furthermore, its use as a sacred incense ingredient is mentioned in the Bible (Exodus 30.34-35).

Open Source PDF Document for Galbanum: 
1. A Novel Method to Estimate the Contribution of the Vapor Activity of Essential Oils


 
Garlic -- Allium sativum    ---      Extracted oil from this plant is not used in aromatherapy.  

 Garlic oil is not used in aromatherapy due to its unpleasant odor. Its often used in the food and flavor industries.

A list of other oils which should not be used in aromatherapy can be viewed here -- Unused Essential Oils In Aromatherapy
 


 
Geranium -- Pelargonium graveolens   aka:  Pelargonium odoratissimum , Pelargonium radens Latin AliasOleum Geranii
French NameGéranium  German NameGeranium  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Geraniales, Family: Geraniaceae, Genus: Pelargonium L.   Specie: Pelargonium graveolens  L.
Etymology:  Pelargonium - Pelargos - stork, gonium - the shape of a stork bill         graveolens - Heavily scented
From: Algeria  China  Egypt  France  Madagascar  Morocco  Russia  S. Africa 
Recommended Dilution: Low Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Venus   Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yin     Element: Earth Plant Height: 20-50 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 5 yrs Magical Powers: Fertility  Love   Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe (Diluted) Oil Flash Point: 119-121° F      Plant Part: Flowers/Leaves/Stalks
 Specific Gravity: 0.895Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Warm Floral Scent
Approaches: 
Douche  Enema  Hand Bath  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)
Health Uses: 
Black Eye   Bruises   Burns   Chilblains   Dementia   Dermatitis   Diabetes   Diarrhea   Eczema   Facial Skin (Wrinkles)   Frostbite   Hemorrhoids   Impotence   Infertility (Female)   Insect Bites   Jaundice   Kidney Stones   Lice   Menopause   Menstration (Irregular)   Menstration (PMS)   Muscle Cramps   Ringworm   Shingles   Sore Throats   Spider Bites   Thrush   Ulcers   Uterine Tumors   Wasp Sting   Wounds   Wrinkled Skin  
Emotional States: 
Depression   Stress (Chemical)   Stress (Emotional)   Stress (Mental)   Stress (Physical)
Properties: 
Analgesic   Anti-bacterial   Anti-depressant   Anti-fungal   Anti-infectious   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-septic-general   Astringent   Diuretic   Sedative   Stimulant-brain   Stimulant-circulatory   Tonic-general   Vulnerary  
Oil Constituents
γ-Cadinene (0%-1%)
β-Caryophyllene (0%-1.9%)
Citronellol (22.1%-32.4%)
Citronellyl acetate (0%-0.3%)
Citronellyl butyrate (0%-0.6%)
Citronellyl formate (6.6%-14.2%)
Eudesmol (0%-4.9%)
Geranial (0%-1.2%)
Geraniol (9.5%-16.4%)
Geranyl acetate (0%-7.7%)
Geranyl butyrate (0.8%-2.3%)
Geranyl formate (0%-5.9%)
Geranyl propanoate (0%-1.3%)
Geranyl tiglate (1.1%-1.4%)
Germacrene D (0%-1.4%)
Limonene (0%-5.3%)
Linalol (1%-10.2%)
Menthone (0%-2.4%)
iso-Menthone (4.1%-6.4%)
Neral (0%-0.5%)
Nerol (0%-0.6%)
α-Pinene (0%-0.6%)
cis-Rose oxide (0%-1.1%)
trans-Rose oxide (0%-0.5%)
α-Terpineol (0%-1%)
Deters These Pests: 
Fleas   Lice   Mosquitoes   Snakes

Abstract: 
There are over 400 species of Geranium plants, most of them cultivated for ornamental purposes. The most common species used for extracting essential oils are Pelargonium graveolens, Pelargonium odoratissimum, and Pelargonium radens. Other oil producing species include Pelargonium incrassatum and Pelargonium roseum and are known to produce "Rose Geranium" essential oil. The problem with Geranium plants, however, is that they are so cross-bred that it is often times difficult to determine the difference, if any, between "Geranium" essential oil and "Rose Geranium" essential oil. For this reason, I have chosen not to make a distinction between the two oils.

Geranium oil coming from the Reunion Islands ("Bourbon Type" Geranium oil) is the highest grade Geranium oil in the world - and as such, the most expensive.

Addendum(s)
 Adulteration Risks
Geranium oil is often adulterated. This oil is used heavily in the perfume industry, therefore, folks are always looking for a way to get the scent for cheap with no concern about theraputic quality. Always be sure of your source when purchasing Geranium essential oil.

Caution
Geranium essential oil is produced from the species Pelargonium, NOT from the species Geranium. Oil produced from Geranium macrorrhizum is known as Zdravetz.

Open Source PDF Documents for Geranium
 
1. Antimicrobial Activity of Geranium Oil Against Staphylococcus aureus
2. Antimicrobial Agents from Plants: Antibacterial Activity of Plant Oils
3. Antimicrobial Agents from Plants: Antibacterial Activity of Plant Volatile Oils
4. Antimicrobial and Synergistic Effects of some Essential Oils to Fight Pathogens
5. Aromatherapy in the Management of Psychiatric Disorders
6. Aromatherapy Massage Affects Menopausal Symptoms in Korean Women
7. Essential Oil Interventions for Premenstrual Syndrome and the Menopause
8. Improvement of Sleep and Circadian Rhythm Disturbance by Aromatherapy Massage
9. In vitro Antibacterial Activity of Some Plant Essential Oils
10. In vitro Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils Against Isolates from HIV Patients
 
11. Menopause: Essential Oils Vs. Traditional Allopathic Medicine
12. Neuropathies: Essential Oils Show Promising Results in the Fight Against Symptoms
13. Olivia's Essential Oils Guide for Dummies
14. Optimising Fertility with Essential Oils
15. Pharmaceutical and Therapeutic Potentials of Essential Oils
16. Potential Herbs and its Phytoconstituents Against Fungal Infection
17. Rose Geranium Production
18. The Biological Activities of Cinnamon, Geranium and Lavender Essential Oils
19. The Role of Essential Oils in the Treatment and Management of ADHD


 
Geranium (Bourbon Type) -- Pelargonium graveolens  --- Please see Geranium
 Note: Bourbon Geranium is the finest Geranium oil in the world. It's cultivated and produced on Réunion Island (French Territory) located in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar. Réunion Island used to be known as "Bourbon", hence the name "Bourbon Type". Geranium oil from Réunion Island typically sells for $40 - $50 per ounce USD.
 


 
Geranium (East Indian) -- Cymbopogon martini  --- Please see Palmarosa
 


 
Geranium (Mint) -- Tanacetum balsamita  --- Please see Costmary
 


 
Geranium (Rose) -- Pelargonium incrassatum   aka:  Pelargonium roseum  --- Please see Geranium
 


 
Ghandi Root -- Homalomena aromatica
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Arales, Family: Araceae, Genus: Homalomena L.   Specie: Homalomena aromatica  L.
From: India 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Base Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Rhizomes
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Emotional States: 
Stress (Emotional)   Stress (Mental)
Properties: 
Analgesic   Anti-infectious   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-septic-general   Anti-spasmodic   Bactericides   Sedative   Tonic-general  


 
Ginger -- Zingiber officinalis Latin AliasOleum Zingibers
French NameEssence de Gingembre  German NameIngweröl  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Zingiberales, Family: Zingiberaceae, Genus: Zingiber Mill.   Specie: Zingiber officinalis  Roscoe
Etymology:  Zingiber - Pre-Roman ginger         officinalis - A plant used officially in medicine
From: Africa  China  India  Japan  Malaysia  Thailand 
Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Mars   Plant Catagory: Tuber
Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: Base-Middle Polarity: Yang     Element: Fire Plant Height: 50-150 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: Love  Money  Power   Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 145-147° F      Plant Part: Rhizomes
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Deep Earthy Scent
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Glaucoma(Avoid-if-have-Glaucoma)     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Phototoxic(mild)     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)     Skin-Irritant(mild)
Health Uses: 
Arthritis (Rheumatoid)   Blood Pressure - Normalizes   Frostbite   Herpes   Indigestion   Intestinal Parasites   Menstration (Cramps)   Muscle Cramps   Muscle Soreness   Nausea   Vomiting  
Properties: 
Anti-catarrh   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-septic-general   Aphrodisiac   Stimulant-circulatory   Stimulant-general  
Oil Constituents
β-Bisabolene (6.2%-7.7%)
Borneol (0%-1.3%)
Camphene (6.2%-8.5%)
β-Caryophyllene
1,8 Cineole (1.1%-5.8%)
Citral (0.4%-10.7%)
Geranial (0.4%-6.6%)
Geranyl acetate (0%-0.6%)
Germacrene D (1.2%-1.3%)
Limonene (1.3%-2.6%)
Neral (0%-4.1%)
β-Phellandrene (0%-6.2%)
α-Pinene (1.8%-2.8%)
β-Sesquiphellandrene (7.8%-12.6%)
α-Zingiberene (25.6%-31.5%)
Deters These Pests: 
Cockroaches   Mosquitoes

Open Source PDF Documents for Ginger
 
1. A Brief on the Use of Essential Oils with Traditional Chinese Medicine
2. Active Compounds in Gingers and Their Therapeutic Use in Complimentary Medication
3. Antibacterial Activity of Six Essential Oils Against Pathogenic Bacteria
4. Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils and their Synergy with Fluconazole
5. Antifungal Investigations on Plant Essential Oils. A Review
6. Characterization of Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Compounds of Cinnamon and Ginger
7. Comparative Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Ginger Oils
8. Comparison of Essential Oil Composition of Three Ginger Cultivars from Himalayans
9. Essential Oils and Hypertension
10. Essential Oils as Anti-Protozoal Agents
 
11. Essential Oils as Modifiers of Rumen Microbial Fermentation
12. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties
13. Evaluation of the Antibacterial Activity of a Sizable Set of Essential Oils
14. Inhibitory Effect of Essential Oils Against Herpes
15. Mosquito Knock-down and Adulticidal Activities of Essential Oils by Various Methods
16. Mosquito Repellents in Thailand
17. Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Plants from the Ginger Family, Zingiberaceae
18. Repellent Activity of Essential Oils Against Cockroaches in Thailand
19. The Essential Oil of Ginger, Zingiber officinale, and Anaesthesia


 
Ginger (Chinese) -- Boesenbergia rotunda  --- Please see Fingerroot
 


 
Ginger (Green) -- Artemisia absinthium  --- Please see Wormwood
 


 
Ginger (White) -- Hedychium coronarium  --- Please see Ginger Lily (White)
 


 
Ginger Lily (White) -- Hedychium coronarium   aka:  Hedychium spicatum
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Zingiberales, Family: Zingiberaceae, Genus: Hedychium J.Koenig   Specie: Hedychium coronarium  J. Koenig
From: Brazil  Cuba  Europe  Hawaii  India  N. America  Nepal  Thailand U.S. Growth Region: 8-9
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Top Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 1 m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Leaves/Flowers
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Sweet Floral Scent
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Deters These Pests: 
Mosquitoes

Abstract: 
Hedychium spicatum is the species found in Nepal and India.

Addendum(s)
 Note
White Ginger Lily is on invasive species lists in Hawaii, Brazil, and various other countries.

Open Source PDF Documents for Ginger Lily (White)
 
1. Chemical Characterisation and Allelopathic Potential of Oils of White Ginger
 
2. Mosquito Repellents in Thailand


 
Golpar -- Heracleum persicum   aka:  Heracleum siamicum  --- Please see Heracleum
 


 
Grapefruit -- Citrus paradisii   aka:  Citrus racemosa Latin AliasOleum Citrus Paradisi
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Sapindales, Family: Rutaceae, Genus: Citrus L.   Specie: Citrus paradisii  Macfad.
From: Brazil  Isreal  USA 
 Recommended Dilution: Any Note: Top Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 5-7 m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: C/P,E/S/E,F/D,M/A/E
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 123-125° F      Plant Part: Fruit Peel
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Soft Citrusy Scent
Approaches: 
Bath  Compress  Diffuser  Sauna  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Phototoxic(mild)     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-First-Trimester)
Health Uses: 
Herpes   Hot Flashes   Menopause   Menstration (PMS)  
Emotional States: 
Depression   Stress (Chemical)   Stress (Mental)
Properties: 
Anti-bacterial   Anti-depressant   Anti-septic-general   Detoxifer   Disinfectant   Diuretic   Stimulant-digestive  
Oil Constituents
Coumarines  Limonene  β-Myrcene  Nootketone  Octonal  Sabinene 
Deters These Pests: 
Cats

Open Source PDF Documents for Grapefruit
 
1. Antifungal Activity of Essential Oils and their Synergy with Fluconazole
2. Antimicrobial and Synergistic Effects of some Essential Oils to Fight Pathogens
3. Aromatherapy in Pregnancy
4. Essential Oil of Grape Fruit Peels and Its Antimicrobial Activities
 
5. Essential Oils and Hypertension
6. Evaluation of Aromatherapy in Institutional Elder Care Settings
7. Evaluation of the Antibacterial Activity of a Sizable Set of Essential Oils
8. Yield and Chemical Composition of Citrus Essential Oils as Affected by Peels


 
Grapefruit Seed -- Citrus paradisii
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Sapindales, Family: Rutaceae, Genus: Citrus L.   Specie: Citrus paradisii  Macfad.
From:  
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Top Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Tree
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 5-7 m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe (Diluted) Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Seeds
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Health Uses: 
Diarrhea   Intestinal Infections   Intestinal Parasites  
Properties: 
Anti-bacterial   Anti-biotic   Anti-parasitic  
Deters These Pests: 
Cats

Addendum(s)
 Note
There is a lot of mis-information about the "natural Preservative" properties of this oil. The fact is, when this oil is produced naturally it has no preservative properties whatsoever. When this oil is produced naturally and benzethonium chloride, triclosan, or methylparaben are added - presto - the oil now acts as a preservative. That's because benzethonium chloride, triclosan, and methylparaben are chemical preservatives! Studies to confirm this were done in Germany at the Institute of Pharmacy at Ernst Moritz Arndt University in 1999 --- Author: von Woedtke, T., Pharmazie 54, #6, pg 452


 
Guaiacwood -- Guaiacum officinale  --- Please see Gaiac
 


 
Guggul -- Commiphora mukul  --- Please see Myrrh (Indian)
 


 
Gurjum Balsam -- Dipterocarpus jourdainii    ---      Extracted oil from this plant is not used in aromatherapy.  

 This oil is steam distilled from the resin of the Gurjum tree and is used in the fragrance and perfume industies. Although some sources show that this oil can be used in aromatherapy I believe that it might be difficult to find a reliable retailer to buy theurapeutic grade oils from so I have placed it into the unused catagory for now.

A list of other oils which should not be used in aromatherapy can be viewed here -- Unused Essential Oils In Aromatherapy
 


 
Helichrysum -- Helichrysum italicum   aka:  Helichrysum angustifolium
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Asterales, Family: Asteraceae, Genus: Helichrysum Mill.   Specie: Helichrysum italicum  Roth
Etymology:  Helichrysum - Heli - sun, chrysum - gold colors         italicum - From Italy
From: Europe 
Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Annual
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: Base-Middle Polarity     Element Plant Height: 20-50 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/E
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 127-129° F      Plant Part: Flowers
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image 
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)
Health Uses: 
Acne   Asthma   Bronchitis   Bruises   Burns   Fever   Muscle Pain   Radiation Burns   Scars   Stretch Marks  
Emotional States: 
Exhaustion (Nervous)   Shock
Properties: 
Anti-bacterial   Anti-catarrh   Anti-fungal   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-microbial   Fixative  
Oil Constituents
β-Caryophyllene  Chamazulene  Italidione  Nerol  Neryl acetate 

Abstract: 
This plant is known worldwide for its ability to hold its color, shape, and fragrance for years after it has been harvested. For this reason it is commonly known as "Everlasting" and "Immortelle".

Open Source PDF Documents for Helichrysum
 
1. Antifungal Investigations on Plant Essential Oils. A Review
2. Aromatherapy as an Adjunct for the Management and Treatment of Pain
 
3. Contribution to the Analysis of the Essential Oil of Helichrysum italicum
4. Evaluation of the Antibacterial Activity of a Sizable Set of Essential Oils


 
Heliotrope -- Heliotropium peruvianum   aka:  Heliotropium arborescens
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Lamiales, Family: Boraginaceae, Genus: Heliotropium L.   Specie: Heliotropium peruvianum  L.
Etymology:  Heliotropium - Helio - sun, tropium - to turn toward the sun         peruvianum - From Peru
 From: England  France  Peru  USA 
 Recommended Dilution: Low Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Sun  Venus   Plant Catagory: Shrub
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge Polarity     Element: Fire Plant Height: 2m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life:  Magical Powers:  Extraction: Mac
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point     Clairvoyance  Protection   Plant Part: Flowers/Leaves
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Sweet Floral Scent
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Emotional States: 
Depression
Properties: 
Anti-depressant  

Abstract: 
This plant's flowers have historically been very difficult to obtain essential oils from. Maceration seems to be the most successful way of going about it which means that a pure, genuine, authentic essential oil is virtually impossible to find. However, a chemical copy of the scent has existed since the early 1900s. So, if you are interested in using this oil in aromatherapy (for it's beneficial properties) then a macerated oil is definitely the way to go.

Although this plant was given the name Heliotropium it does not actually follow the sun... (Bo Jensen's Website)


 
Henna -- Lawsonia inermis   aka:  Lawsonia alba
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Myrtales, Family: Lythraceae, Genus: Lawsonia L.   Specie: Lawsonia inermis  L.
From: Africa  Asia  Morocco  USA 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 2-6m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life:  Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/E
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Leaves
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)
Emotional States: 
Anxiety   Irritation (Mental)   Stress (Emotional)   Stress (Mental)   Stress (Physical)
Properties: 
Febrifuge  

Abstract: 
The Henna plant produces a deep red dye molecule known as Lawsone which typically bonds with protein. Lawsone's chemical characteristics make it a perfect natural dying agent for dying skin, fingernails, and hair. It's been used as a dying agent for centuries throughout many cultures and has often been used for creating body art (temporary tattoos) in preparation for important celebrations.

Lawsone is produced throughout the entire plant but is most concentrated in the leaves.

A typical Henna tattoo should be obtained using Henna oil or powder (not Black Henna). Henna oil or powder will create a temporary tattoo that lasts for up to 3 weeks and the tattoo will be reddish orange or dark brown initially and then fade to orange as the days pass.

Black Henna will produce a Henna tattoo that is black. However, Black Henna often contains a synthetic chemical additive called para-phenylenediamine which is commonly used as a hair dye. Para- phenylenediamine causes stress and adverse affects to the body. Depending on the chemical additives in Black Henna it can cause permanent skin damage and therefore should always be avoided. In addition, any product labeled "Blond Henna", "Red Henna", "Brown Henna", etc likely has chemical additives and should be avoided. Natural Henna does not come in colors...

For those interested in using Henna be sure to ask the tattoo artist / hair dye person / sales person if you are getting authentic Henna powder / oil or Black Henna products.

Commonly Henna leaves are dried and ground up into powder and then used to make a Henna paste. This Henna paste is then used to dye hair, fingernails, or skin. Ground Henna powder will only work as a skin dying agent if the powder is fairly fresh - something that is easy to obtain for people living near live Henna plants. Aged Henna powder is brown and has no scent. Fresh powder typically has a hay-type scent and a dark green color. If the powder is light green then it has been chemically altered.

For people who want Henna (Lawsone) that has a longer shelf life, they may choose to buy Henna essential oil.

In addition to using Henna as a dying agent it has also been shown to have medicinal and calming properties and is a common ingredient in medicines in some countries. In addition it is an excellent hair conditioner.

Henna Tattoos and Essential Oil Testing
Henna is typically used by making a paste and then applying the paste to the clean surfaces of hair, fingernails or skin. The paste is made by thoroughly mixing Henna powder and lemon juice into a thick paste. Cover the mixture removing as much air as possible and let this stand for 4 to 12 hours. Next, add 5 to 10 drops of a monoterpene-rich essential oil per tablespoon of paste and mix in thoroughly. Some possible essential oils would be Cardamom, Clove Bud, Cajeput, Eucalyptus, Geranium, or Lavender. Next, Cover the mixture removing as much air as possible and let this stand for 4 to 12 hours. Apply the paste to the hair, fingernails or skin as desired. For tattoos the paste should be allowed to stay on the skin for 6 to 12 hours or until it starts to flake off. Authentic genuine essential oils will create a darker tattoo. Synthetic essential oils will often prevent the paste from creating any tattoo at all. The longer the paste stays on, the warmer the body, and the more pressure applied to the paste (some people wrap the area), the darker the tattoo will be.

Open Source PDF Document for Henna: 
1. A Review on Antidermatophytic Efficiency of Plant Essential Oils


 
Henna (Black) -- Lawsonia inermis    ---      Extracted oil from this plant is not used in aromatherapy.  

 Black Henna will produce a Henna tattoo that is black. However, Black Henna often contains a synthetic chemical additive called para-phenylenediamine which is commonly used as a hair dye. Para- phenylenediamine causes stress and adverse affects to the body. Depending on the chemical additives in Black Henna it can cause permanent skin damage and therefore should always be avoided. In addition, any product labeled "Blond Henna", "Red Henna", "Brown Henna", etc likely has chemical additives and should be avoided. Natural Henna does not come in colors...

A typical Henna tattoo should be obtained using Henna (not Black Henna). Henna will create a temporary tattoo that lasts for up to 3 weeks and the tattoo will be redish orange or dark brown initially and then fade to orange as the days pass.

For those interested in using Henna be sure to ask the tatoo artist / hair dye person / sales person if you are getting authentic Henna Leaf powder / oil or Black Henna products.

A list of other oils which should not be used in aromatherapy can be viewed here -- Unused Essential Oils In Aromatherapy
 


 
Heracleum -- Heracleum siamicum   aka:  Heracleum sprengelianum , Heracleum persicum
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Apiales, Family: Apiaceae, Genus: Heracleum L.   Specie: Heracleum siamicum  L.
From: Ethiopia 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 4-5m
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life:  Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Whole Plant
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)

Open Source PDF Documents for Heracleum
 
1. Antitumor and Antibacterial Activity of Heracleum and Cinnamon
2. Chemical Composition of Heracleum sprengelianum Essential Oils
3. Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil from Heracleum siamicum
 
4. Chemistry, Pharmacology and Medicinal Properties of Heracleum persicum
5. Medicinal Effects of Heracleum persicum (Golpar)
6. The Bioactive Essential Oil of Heracleum sphondylium L. ssp. ternatum


 
Ho Leaf -- Cinnamomum camphora  --- Please see Camphor (White)
 


 
Hop Flower -- Humulus lupulus Latin AliasOleum Humuli Lupuli
French NameEssence de Houblon  German NameHopfenöl  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Urticales, Family: Cannabaceae, Genus: Humulus L.   Specie: Humulus lupulus  L.
Etymology:  Humulus - Latin for "on the ground" or "trailing"         lupulus - A small wolf, willow wolf
 From: England  France  Germany  Hungary 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Bine
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 2-15 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D, CO2
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Flowers
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     Warm Floral Scent
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)
Health Uses: 
Insomnia  
Emotional States: 
Exhaustion (Nervous)   Stress (Emotional)   Stress (Mental)
Properties: 
Sedative  
Oil Constituents
β-Caryophyllene (5.1%-14.5%)   α-Humulene 

Addendum(s)
 Note
Hops plants have male and female flowers: the female flowers are the ones used medicinally and for beer brewing.

Open Source PDF Document for Hop Flower: 
1. The Hop and it's Constituents


 
Horsemint -- Mentha longifolia   aka:  Mentha viridas , Mentha sylvestris
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Lamiales, Family: Lamiaceae, Genus: Mentha L.   Specie: Mentha longifolia  L.
From: Asia  Australia  Europe  S. Africa 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Top Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 50-100 cm
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life:  Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Whole Plant
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption

Open Source PDF Documents for Horsemint
 
1. American Druggist and Pharmaceutical Record - Mint
2. Antifungal and Antioxidant Activity of Mentha longifolia Essential Oil
3. Chemical Composition, Antimicrobial Properties of Mentha longifolia Oil
4. Effect of Mentha longifolia Essential Oil on Four Pathogenic Bacteria
 
5. Essential Oil Composition of Mentha longifolia from Tajikistan
6. Essential Oil Content and Composition of Mentha longifolia
7. Pharmaceutical and Therapeutic Potentials of Essential Oils
8. Phytochemical Constituents, Anticancer Activity of M. citrata, M. longifolia


 
Horsemint (American) -- Monarda punctata
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Lamiales, Family: Lamiaceae, Genus: Monarda L.   Specie: Monarda punctata  L.
From: USA 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Top Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Perennial
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity     Element Plant Height: 50-100 cm
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life:  Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Whole Plant
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption


 
Horseradish -- Armoracia rusticana   aka:  Cochlearia armoracia    ---      Extracted oil from this plant is not used in aromatherapy.  

 Currently I am unable to find specific details as to why this oil is on several people's "Don't Touch It!" list. Many sources do not give any reason whatsoever while some sources simply say "It's too toxic." or "Never use it." or "I would never have it in my house."

There are a number of oils that appear to be in a "Grey Area" category. For example, I have noticed that some authors will shy away from Cedar Leaf and Mugwort claiming that they are "Too toxic for use in aromatherapy". Then, 4 other books will go on to explain all of the uses for Cedar Leaf and Mugwort. Likely the cause for concern with these two particular oils is Thujone. Whether or not the author then goes on to talk about Thujone, this particular cause for concern is a valid one. Many sources are void of any reasons that explain why a particular oil should be avoided. Occasionally, one source here or there will even contradict itself within the same document saying that it is toxic on one page and its used for __________ on another page.

Two things seem consistent, however.

 1.  Several different book authors agree that this oil should not be used in aromatherapy.
 2. Often, merchants who have this oil listed for sale either ignore all of the warnings, don't know about them, or explain how their particular oil is somehow special and not toxic.

Erring on the side of safety, this oil will stay on my Unused list unless future information can convince me otherwise. If you are interested in some purported property or health benefit from this particular oil, consider using a different oil - we've got plenty.

Unraveling the mysteries of the Unused is a path of brambles. The search for answers continues.

A list of other oils which should not be used in aromatherapy can be viewed here -- Unused Essential Oils In Aromatherapy
 


 
Hyssop -- Hyssopus officinalis Latin AliasOleum Hyssopi
French NameHyssope  German NameYsopkraut  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Lamiales, Family: Lamiaceae, Genus: Hyssopus L.   Specie: Hyssopus officinalis  L.
Etymology:  Hyssopus - The old Hebrew name for Hyssop         officinalis - A plant used officially in medicine
 From: Brazil  France  Mediteranean  Palenstine 
 Recommended Dilution: High Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Jupiter   Plant Catagory: Shrub
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yang     Element: Fire Plant Height: 20-70 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers: Purification   Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point: 127-129° F      Plant Part: Flowers/Leaves
 Specific Gravity: 0.889Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image 
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Epilepsy(Avoid-if-you-have-epilepsy)     Glaucoma(Avoid-if-have-Glaucoma)     Keep-Away-From-Children     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)     Prostate-Cancer(Avoid-if-have-Prostate-Cancer)
Health Uses: 
Broken Capillaries   Bruises   Cystitis   Diabetes   Facial Eczema (Dry)   Facial Eczema (Wet)   Facial Skin (Dry)   Frostbite   Menstration (Amenorrhoea)   Rosacea   Vaginal Infections   Wrinkled Skin  
Properties: 
Anti-bacterial   Anti-biotic   Anti-catarrh   Anti-infectious   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-parasitic   Anti-rheumatic   Anti-septic-general   Astringent   Carminative   Emmenagogues   Expectorant   Stimulant-circulatory   Vasodilator  
Oil Constituents
Linalool  Pinene  Pinocamphone  α-Thujone 
Deters These Pests: 
Aphids   Moths   Slugs

Addendum(s)
 Note
Chamomile (Roman and German) and Hyssop are well known for their ability to "help" heal ailing plants located near them. Planting Chamomile or Hyssop in the garden is always beneficial for the surrounding plants and is known to protect them from bacterial invasion. If you don't happen to have a Chamomile plant laying around an alternative is to mix 2 or 3 drops of essential oil in a cup of water, mix thoroughly, and sprinkle or spray this solution onto suffering house plants, garden plants, etc.

Open Source PDF Documents for Hyssop
 
1. Antioxidant Property of Volatile Oils Determined by the Ferric Reducing Ability
2. Essential Oils and Hypertension
 
3. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties
4. Inhibitory Effect of Essential Oils Against Herpes


 
Iary -- Psiadia altissima
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Asterales, Family: Asteraceae, Genus: Psiadia L.   Specie: Psiadia altissima  Benth.
From: Madagascar 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Top Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Annual
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: Middle-Top Polarity     Element Plant Height: 100-120 cm
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Leaves
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Health Uses: 
Acne   Dry Skin   Infections   Inflamed Joints   Muscle Aches   Respiratory Infections   Respiratory Tract Infections   Sinus Congestion   Sinus Infections  
Properties: 
Anti-infectious   Anti-inflammatory   Anti-spasmodic   Decongestant   Insecticidal   Rubefacient  


 
Immortelle -- Helichrysum italicum  --- Please see Helichrysum
 


 
Inula -- Inula graveolens   aka:  Inula odorata  --- Please see Elecampane
 


 
Jaborandi -- Pilocarpus jaborandi    ---      Extracted oil from this plant is not used in aromatherapy.  

 Currently I am unable to find specific details as to why this oil is on several people's "Don't Touch It!" list. Many sources do not give any reason whatsoever while some sources simply say "It's too toxic." or "Never use it." or "I would never have it in my house."

There are a number of oils that appear to be in a "Grey Area" category. For example, I have noticed that some authors will shy away from Cedar Leaf and Mugwort claiming that they are "Too toxic for use in aromatherapy". Then, 4 other books will go on to explain all of the uses for Cedar Leaf and Mugwort. Likely the cause for concern with these two particular oils is Thujone. Whether or not the author then goes on to talk about Thujone, this particular cause for concern is a valid one. Many sources are void of any reasons that explain why a particular oil should be avoided. Occasionally, one source here or there will even contradict itself within the same document saying that it is toxic on one page and its used for __________ on another page.

Two things seem consistent, however.

 1.  Several different book authors agree that this oil should not be used in aromatherapy.
 2. Often, merchants who have this oil listed for sale either ignore all of the warnings, don't know about them, or explain how their particular oil is somehow special and not toxic.

Erring on the side of safety, this oil will stay on my Unused list unless future information can convince me otherwise. If you are interested in some purported property or health benefit from this particular oil, consider using a different oil - we've got plenty.

Unraveling the mysteries of the Unused is a path of brambles. The search for answers continues.

A list of other oils which should not be used in aromatherapy can be viewed here -- Unused Essential Oils In Aromatherapy
 


 
Jamrosa -- Cymbopogon khasans
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Cyperales, Family: Poaceae, Genus: Cymbopogon Spreng.   Specie: Cymbopogon khasans  Spreng.
From: India 
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: None Plant Catagory: Grass
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge Polarity     Element Plant Height: 5-10 cm
 Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: S/D
 Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Root
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Not-For-Internal-Consumption
Health Uses: 
Facial Skin (Wrinkles)   Scars   Wrinkled Skin  
Oil Constituents
Geraniol  Geranyl acetate 

Abstract: 
This plant is a hybridized grass derived from Palmarosa and Citronella and is native to India. Many people prefer its scent over Palmarosa and Citronella.


 
Japanese Citron -- Citrus junos  --- Please see Yuzu
 


 
Jasmine -- Jasminum officinale   aka:  Jasminum grandiflorum Latin AliasOleum Jasmini
French NameJasmin  German NameJasminblüthen  
   
 
Div: Magnoliophyta, Class: Magnoliopsida, Order: Scrophulariales, Family: Oleaceae, Genus: Jasminum L.   Specie: Jasminum officinale  L.
Etymology:  Jasminum - Arabic name for a shrub         officinale - A plant used officially in medicine
From: Algeria  China  Egypt  France  India  Iran  Morocco  Pakistan 
Recommended Dilution: High Note: Base Astral Bodies: Moon  Pluto  Venus   Plant Catagory: Vine
Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: Base-Middle Polarity: Yin     Element: Water Plant Height: 3-5 cm
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 30 yrs Magical Powers:  Extraction: CO2,S/E,S/E/E
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point     Clairvoyance  Love   Plant Part: Flowers
 Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image Light Floral Scent
Approaches: 
Candles  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-First-Trimester)
Health Uses: 
Coughs   Dementia   Impotence   Infertility (Female)   Menstration (Dysmenorrhoea)   Stretch Marks   Uterine Tumors  
Emotional States: 
Anxiety   Depression   Frigidity
Properties: 
Anti-catarrh   Anti-depressant   Anti-microbial   Anti-septic-general   Anti-spasmodic   Aphrodisiac   Galactagogue   Sedative   Tonic-uterine  
Oil Constituents
Benzyl benzoate acetate  Jasmone 

Abstract: 
Jasmine oil is extremely expensive due to the work involved in obtaining the oil. Jasmine flowers must be hand picked on the very first day that the flowers open and they must be picked before the sun becomes hot! Doing so ensures that the flowers are the most fragrant. In addition it takes approximately 4,000,000 flowers to produce one pound of Jasmine oil. Because of this the oil is one of the most expensive on the market.

Open Source PDF Documents for Jasmine
 
1. Aromatherapy in Pregnancy
2. Aromatherapy in the Management of Psychiatric Disorders
3. Aromatherapy in the Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders
4. Aromatherapy Massage Affects Menopausal Symptoms in Korean Women
5. Essential Oils as Therapeutics
 
6. Evidence-Based Aromatherapy: Stress Relief and Much More
7. Floral Essential Oils: Importance and Uses for Mankind
8. Menopause: Essential Oils Vs. Traditional Allopathic Medicine
9. Pharmaceutical and Therapeutic Potentials of Essential Oils


 
Juniper Berry -- Juniperus communis Latin AliasOleum Juniperi
   
 
Div: Coniferophyta, Class: Pinopsida, Order: Pinales, Family: Cupressaceae, Genus: Juniperus L.   Specie: Juniperus communis  L.
Etymology:  Juniperus - Latin name for Juniper         communis - Growing together
 From: Algeria  Canada  China  Egypt  France  Morocco  Sweden  Turkey U.S. Growth Region: 5-6
 Recommended Dilution: Mid Note: Middle Astral Bodies: Jupiter  Sun   Plant Catagory: Shrub
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: Middle-Top Polarity: Yang     Element: Fire Plant Height: 2-3 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: Love  Protection   Extraction: S/D
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Berries
 Specific Gravity: 0.870Wikipedia Link    Plant Illustration    Plant Image 
Approaches: 
Bath  Sitz Bath  
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Kidney-Irritant-with-Overuse     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Pregnancy(Avoid-During-Pregnancy)
Health Uses: 
Arthritis (Rheumatoid)   Athletes Foot   Bladder Infection   Candida   Cellulite   Genital Warts   Gout   Menstration (Amenorrhoea)   Menstration (Dysmenorrhoea)   Obesity   Rashes   Rheumatism   Urinary Tract Infections   Vaginal Infections   Warts  
Properties: 
Anti-fungal   Anti-infectious   Anti-parasitic   Anti-rheumatic   Anti-septic-general   Nervine  
Oil Constituents
β-Myrcene  α-Pinene  Sabinene  Terpinen-4-ol  α-Thujone 
Deters These Pests: 
Snakes

Addendum(s)
 Caution
Juniper oil is obtained from Juniperus communis and NOT from Juniperus sabina aka Savine Juniperus communis has larger berries and it's berries do not grow as closely to the stalks as do the berries of Juniperus sabina.

Note
Alpine Juniper oil is more sensitive to the kidneys. It is recommended as an alternative for people with weak kidneys.

Open Source PDF Documents for Juniper Berry
 
1. A Review on Antidermatophytic Efficiency of Plant Essential Oils
2. Antifungal Activity and Chemical Composition of Twenty Essential Oils Against Fungi
3. Antifungal Investigations on Plant Essential Oils. A Review
4. Antioxidant Property of Volatile Oils Determined by the Ferric Reducing Ability
5. Aromatherapy in the Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders
 
6. Comparative Sporicidal Effects of Volatile Oils
7. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties
8. Screening of the Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of Eight Essential Oils
9. Versatile Psychophysiological Potencies of Essential Oils


 
Juniper Tar -- Juniperus oxycedrus Latin AliasOleum Cadinum
   
 
Div: Coniferophyta, Class: Pinopsida, Order: Pinales, Family: Cupressaceae, Genus: Juniperus L.   Specie: Juniperus oxycedrus  L.
Etymology:  Juniperus - Latin name for Juniper         oxycedrus - Sharply pointed leaves like a cedar
 From: France U.S. Growth Region: None
 Recommended Dilution: High Note: Base Astral Bodies: Moon   Plant Catagory: Shrub
 Floral Water Commonly Sold:  Bridge: None Polarity: Yang     Element: Earth Plant Height: 2-3 m
Common in Soapmaking:  Oil Shelf Life: 2 yrs Magical Powers: None Extraction: Kiln
Oil is Child Safe:  Oil Flash Point      Plant Part: Wood
 Plant Illustration    Plant Image     
Approaches
Jonn is not yet aware of any specific approaches.
Blends Well With: 
Please see the following page for details: Blends With 
Cautions: 
Always-Dilute     Not-For-Internal-Consumption     Skin-Irritant(medium)
Health Uses: 
Dry Skin   Eczema   Oily Skin   Scabies  
Properties: 
Disinfectant  

Addendum(s)
 Note
This oil is often used for most skin problems though many people find that it makes the skin itch at first. After the initial itching phase, the oil seems to work very efficiently.

Open Source PDF Documents for Juniper Tar
 
1. Essential Oils as Modifiers of Rumen Microbial Fermentation
 
2. Essential Oils with Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, Cytotoxic Properties

  Oils A-B      Oils C-E      Oils F-J      Oils K-N      Oils O-R      Oils S-Z  
Home
  Reference SourcesLast Update ☆ ~~ Jan 3, 2017   Home

  ~  The Recommended Fine Print  ~
All information, suggestions, and opinions shown on this website are for educational purposes only and do not replace
medical advice nor are they intended to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent any disease or health problems.
I am NOT a doctor and never, ever want to be one!         I am not responsible for any of your health choices!
Information given here has not been evaluated by the US FDA nor by any other U.S. governing body to the
best of my knowledge nor does it replace the advice of any licensed health-care professional.
Your health is your responsibility!!   Peace out.   ~ Jonn ☆ ~~