Fabaceae Family Members  Botanical Name Lookup
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Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering Plants) --- The most diverse plant group worldwide with over 250,000 documented living species.
Most of the essential oils and carrier oils listed on this website come from this group.
 
 Class: Magnoliopsida --- Commonly Known As "Dicotyledons" --  This class consists of flowering plants (Angiosperms) whose embryo has two or more seed leaves.
  Order: Fabales
   Family: Fabaceae    aka "Leguminosae, Papilionaceae"   Commonly Known as "The Pea Family"  Pronounced:  fab-ay’-see-ee    
 This family consists of climbing herbs adapted to most parts of the world. Plants grow pods or "legumes" and have a peculiar ability to transform atmospheric nitrogen into nitrogenous compounds within their own root systems. These nitrogenous compounds are then used by plants. If the legume plant does not use the nitrogenous compounds itself, it leaves the compounds in the soil for future plants. Consequently, legume plants actually leave the soil more fertile after they die off. Since legumes are natural fertilizers they are often plowed under the soil during crop rotation. In addition to adding nitrogen to the plowed soil, they also add humus as they decay.
    Genus: ...
     Species:
 
  
    Essential Oil List
 
Balsam de Peru    Myroxylon pereirae
Balsam de Tolu    Myroxylon balsamum
Cassie    Vachellia farnesiana
Mimosa    Mimosa pudica
Peru balsam    Myroxylon pereirae
Spanish Broom    Spartium junceum
Tolu balsam    Myroxylon balsamum
Tonka Bean    Dipteryx odorata
Tonquin Bean    Dipteryx odorata
 
  
    Carrier Oil List
 
Peanut    Arachis hypogaea
Soybean    Glycine hispida



Species Defined
 
A species is a group of plants that have all originated from the same form (Genus), that all resemble each other, that all propagate by spreading their own seeds, and that all have the first part of their specie name in common. By convention, specie names consist of 2 parts, the first part always starting with a capital letter and the second part always starting with a lower case letter. In addition, specie names are also written in italics. For example:
Pinus sylvestris     --     "Scotch Pine"
Pinus strobus     --     "White Pine"
Pinus rigida     --     "Pitch Pine"
These are all plants from the same original form or Genus. The genus name in this example is "Pinus".

Plants within the same genus each vary slightly depending on soil conditions, climate, cultivation method, etc. Examples of slight variations include, flowers differing in color, fruit differing in flavor, leaves differing in form, etc. So, Lemon Verbena (Aloysia citrodora) grown in one country may taste slightly different from Lemon Verbena (Aloysia triphylla) grown in another country. The point is, both Lemon Verbena plants are from the same genus (Aloysia) but since they differ slightly due to climate conditions, etc. they each have their own distinct specie name.

For the purposes of aromatherapy, the percentages of oil constituents in a bottle of Lemon Verbena from Aloysia citrodora might only vary slightly from the percentages of oil constituents in a bottle of Lemon Verbena from Aloysia triphylla assuming the same distillation process was used for both.

Or, the oil constituents could quite possibly vary by a sizable amount. Some examples of oils that vary by a large amount depending on the specific species involved would be Rosemary, Thyme, and Eucalyptus, just to name a few.

With this in mind, finding a bottle of "essential oil" in a store that only says "Chamomile" on it without any specific plant specie name should leave a question in your mind. Do they mean German Chamomile (Matricaria recutita), Moroccan Chamomile (Chamaemelum mixtum), or Roman Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis), or Wild Chamomile (Ormenis multicaulis)?   Or perhaps something else?

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  Reference SourcesLast Update ☆ ~~ Mar 21, 2013   Home

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