Lamiaceae Family Members  Botanical Name Lookup
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Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering Plants) --- The most diverse plant group worldwide with over 250,000 documented living species.
Most of the essential oils and carrier oils listed on this website come from this group.
 
 Class: Magnoliopsida --- Commonly Known As "Dicotyledons" --  This class consists of flowering plants (Angiosperms) whose embryo has two or more seed leaves.
  Order: Lamiales
   Family: Lamiaceae    aka "Labiatae"   Commonly Known as "The Mint Family"  Pronounced:  lam-ay’-see-ee    
 This family consists of plants which are often found in greenhouses and gardens and are commonly cultivated for asthetics, medicinal value, and fragrant scents. Several plants are used to make teas, essential oils, and tinctures. These plants have characterist square stems and flowers with flat heads or crowded spikes. The name "Labiatae" was chosen because the flowers in this family often appear to have lips. Plants in this family are among the easiest to propagate by simply cutting off stems.
    Genus: ...
     Species:
 
  
    Essential Oil List
 
Basil    Ocimum basilicum
Basil (Bourbon Type)    Ocimum basilicum
Bee Balm    Monardia fistulosa
Bergamot (Wild)    Monardia fistulosa
Bergamot Mint    Mentha citrata
Catnip    Nepeta cataria
Clary Sage    Salvia sclarea
Cornmint    Mentha arvensis
Horsemint    Mentha longifolia
Horsemint (American)    Monarda punctata
Hyssop    Hyssopus officinalis
Lavandin    Lavandula fragrans
Lavender (Dutch)    Lavandula fragrans
Lavender (English)    Lavandula officinalis
Lavender (French)    Lavandula vera
Lavender (Spanish)    Lavandula stoechas
Lavender (Spike)    Lavandula latifolia
Lavender (True)    Lavandula officinalis
Lemon Balm    Melissa officinalis
Marjoram (Sweet)    Origanum majorana
Melissa    Melissa officinalis
Monarda    Monardia fistulosa
Oregano    Origanum vulgare
Patchouli    Pogostemon cablin
Pennyroyal    Mentha pulegium
Peppermint    Mentha piperita
Perilla    Perilla frutescens
Rosemary    Rosmarinus officinalis
Rosemary (Borneol)    Rosmarinus officinalis
Rosemary (Cineol)    Rosmarinus officinalis
Rosemary (Verbenon)    Rosmarinus officinalis
Sage    Salvia officinalis
Savory    Satureja montana
Spearmint    Mentha spicata
Thyme    Thymus vulgaris
 
  
    Carrier Oil List
 
Perilla Seed    Perilla frutescens



Species Defined
 
A species is a group of plants that have all originated from the same form (Genus), that all resemble each other, that all propagate by spreading their own seeds, and that all have the first part of their specie name in common. By convention, specie names consist of 2 parts, the first part always starting with a capital letter and the second part always starting with a lower case letter. In addition, specie names are also written in italics. For example:
Pinus sylvestris     --     "Scotch Pine"
Pinus strobus     --     "White Pine"
Pinus rigida     --     "Pitch Pine"
These are all plants from the same original form or Genus. The genus name in this example is "Pinus".

Plants within the same genus each vary slightly depending on soil conditions, climate, cultivation method, etc. Examples of slight variations include, flowers differing in color, fruit differing in flavor, leaves differing in form, etc. So, Lemon Verbena (Aloysia citrodora) grown in one country may taste slightly different from Lemon Verbena (Aloysia triphylla) grown in another country. The point is, both Lemon Verbena plants are from the same genus (Aloysia) but since they differ slightly due to climate conditions, etc. they each have their own distinct specie name.

For the purposes of aromatherapy, the percentages of oil constituents in a bottle of Lemon Verbena from Aloysia citrodora might only vary slightly from the percentages of oil constituents in a bottle of Lemon Verbena from Aloysia triphylla assuming the same distillation process was used for both.

Or, the oil constituents could quite possibly vary by a sizable amount. Some examples of oils that vary by a large amount depending on the specific species involved would be Rosemary, Thyme, and Eucalyptus, just to name a few.

With this in mind, finding a bottle of "essential oil" in a store that only says "Chamomile" on it without any specific plant specie name should leave a question in your mind. Do they mean German Chamomile (Matricaria recutita), Moroccan Chamomile (Chamaemelum mixtum), or Roman Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis), or Wild Chamomile (Ormenis multicaulis)?   Or perhaps something else?

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  Reference SourcesLast Update ☆ ~~ Feb 22, 2017   Home

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