Pinaceae Family Members  Botanical Name Lookup
Division: Coniferophyta (Conifers) --- Seed Plants. The Coniferophyta includes trees like pines, spruces, cedars, redwoods, larches, etc. that have needles rather than leaves and that produce their seeds in a cone. The conifers are Gymnosperms. Most of them are evergreen (they bear needles all year) but a few, including some larches, are deciduous and lose their needles for the winter. 
 Class: Pinopsida --- Commonly Known As "Pinopsida"
  Order: Pinales
   Family: Pinaceae    Commonly Known as "The Pine Family"  Pronounced:  pi-nay’-see-ee    
 This family consists of the largest group of evergreen, resinous, cone-bearing trees and shrubs. These plants have needles or scale-like leaves which grow in clusters.
    Genus: ...
    Essential Oil List
Balm of Gilead (Fir)    Abies balsamea
Cedarwood (Atlas)    Cedrus atlantica
Fir (American Silver)    Abies balsamea
Fir (Douglas)    Pseudotsuga douglasii
Fir (Siberian)    Abies sibirica
Pine (Scotch)    Pinus sylvestris
Spruce (Black)    Picea mariana
Tamarack    Larix laricina
Turpentine    Pinus sylvestris
    Carrier Oil List
None Found

Species Defined
A species is a group of plants that have all originated from the same form (Genus), that all resemble each other, that all propagate by spreading their own seeds, and that all have the first part of their specie name in common. By convention, specie names consist of 2 parts, the first part always starting with a capital letter and the second part always starting with a lower case letter. In addition, specie names are also written in italics. For example:
Pinus sylvestris     --     "Scotch Pine"
Pinus strobus     --     "White Pine"
Pinus rigida     --     "Pitch Pine"
These are all plants from the same original form or Genus. The genus name in this example is "Pinus".

Plants within the same genus each vary slightly depending on soil conditions, climate, cultivation method, etc. Examples of slight variations include, flowers differing in color, fruit differing in flavor, leaves differing in form, etc. So, Lemon Verbena (Aloysia citrodora) grown in one country may taste slightly different from Lemon Verbena (Aloysia triphylla) grown in another country. The point is, both Lemon Verbena plants are from the same genus (Aloysia) but since they differ slightly due to climate conditions, etc. they each have their own distinct specie name.

For the purposes of aromatherapy, the percentages of oil constituents in a bottle of Lemon Verbena from Aloysia citrodora might only vary slightly from the percentages of oil constituents in a bottle of Lemon Verbena from Aloysia triphylla assuming the same distillation process was used for both.

Or, the oil constituents could quite possibly vary by a sizable amount. Some examples of oils that vary by a large amount depending on the specific species involved would be Rosemary, Thyme, and Eucalyptus, just to name a few.

With this in mind, finding a bottle of "essential oil" in a store that only says "Chamomile" on it without any specific plant specie name should leave a question in your mind. Do they mean German Chamomile (Matricaria recutita), Moroccan Chamomile (Chamaemelum mixtum), or Roman Chamomile (Anthemis nobilis), or Wild Chamomile (Ormenis multicaulis)?   Or perhaps something else?

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  Reference SourcesLast Update ☆ ~~ Mar 21, 2013   Home

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